贵州医科大学学报

2020, v.45;No.232(01) 78-82

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电动牙刷与手动牙刷对牙菌斑的控制效果
The Effect of Using Electric Toothbrush and Regular Toothbrush on the Removal of Dental Plaques

李蕙兰;梁燕;代芸洁;梁羽;李晓署;
LI Huilan;LIANG Yan;DAI Yunjie;LIANG Yu;LI Xiaoshu;Guizhou Medical University;The Affiliated Stomatology Hospital of Guizhou Medicai University;

摘要(Abstract):

目的:比较电动和手动刷牙方式对牙面菌斑的清除效果。方法:将60名志愿者随机均分为手动组及电动组,2组志愿者均使用改良BASS刷牙法每天刷牙2次,手动组使用高露洁360全面口腔清洁牙刷3 min/次,电动组使用OMRON Pro Clinical B150智能声波电动牙刷2 min/次;分别于刷牙后第1、3及7周复诊,比较2组志愿者刷牙前后上、下颌颊和舌侧的牙平均牙菌斑指数,于刷牙后第1、7周时,组内比较不同牙面部位的牙菌斑清除率。结果:刷牙后,手动组上、下颌颊侧第1、3、7周和上颌舌侧第3、7周牙平均菌斑指数高于电动组,牙菌斑清除率低于电动组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);同组比较,手动组只有上颌舌侧牙齿第7周的牙菌斑清除率高于同组第1周,而电动组下颌颊侧以及上、下颌舌侧第7周牙菌斑清除率均高于同组第1周,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论:电动牙刷刷牙方法的牙菌斑清除率比普通牙刷高。
Objective: To compare the effect of using electric toothbrush and regular toothbrush on the removal of dental plaques. Methods: Sixty volunteers were randomly divided into regular group and electric group. They brushed their teeth twice a day using the modified BASS brushing method. The regular group used Colgate 360 comprehensive oral cleaning toothbrush for 3 min each time. The electric group used OMRON Pro Clinical B150 Smart Sonic Electric Toothbrush, 2 min each time. They were revisited at 1, 3 and 7 weeks after brushing. We compared the average plaque index of the teeth, maxillary cheek and tongue before and after brushing. At the 1 st and 7 th week after brushing, the plaque removal rate of different tooth surfaces was compared. Results: After brushing, the average plaque index of the maxillary and mandibular buccal sides at 1, 3, and 7 weeks and the maxillary lingual side at 3 and 7 weeks were higher in regular group than those in electric group, but the plaque clearance rate was lower in regular group than that in electric group(P<0.05). Additionally, the plaque clearance rates of the maxillary lingual teeth were higher at week 7 than at week 1 in regular group(P<0.05), and the plaque clearance rates of buccal and mandibular lingual sides were higher at week 7 than at week 1 in electric group(P<0.05). Conclusion: The plaque removal rate of is higher using electric toothbrush than using regular toothbrush.

关键词(KeyWords): 牙菌斑;牙齿;口腔卫生;电动牙刷
dental plaque;teeth;oral hygiene;electric toothbrush

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作者(Author): 李蕙兰;梁燕;代芸洁;梁羽;李晓署;
LI Huilan;LIANG Yan;DAI Yunjie;LIANG Yu;LI Xiaoshu;Guizhou Medical University;The Affiliated Stomatology Hospital of Guizhou Medicai University;

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DOI: 10.19367/j.cnki.1000-2707.2020.01.015

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