贵州医科大学学报

2017, v.42;No.207(12) 1402-1406

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共患抑郁障碍对网络成瘾者情绪调节策略的影响
Emotion Regulation of Internet Addicts of Comorbid Depressive Disorder

张旭;张冉冉;严万森;
ZHANG Xu;ZHANG Ranran;YAN Wansen;College of Medical Humanities,Guizhou Medical University;Karamay Vocational & Technical College;

摘要(Abstract):

目的:探讨有无共患抑郁障碍对网络成瘾者情绪调节策略的影响。方法:选取青少年网络成瘾者59例作为网络成瘾组(共患抑郁障碍16例、无共患抑郁障碍43例),同时选取严格匹配的非网络成瘾60例作为对照组;采用抑郁自评量表(SDS)评定受试者抑郁情绪,认知情绪调节问卷(CERQ)量表评定受试者情绪调节策略;比较2组受试者SDS得分和CERQ各维度得分、有无共患抑郁障碍受试者及对照组CERQ得分,采用皮尔逊相关分析网络成瘾者CERQ与SDS得分的关系。结果:网络成瘾组的SDS评分高于对照组,CERQ量表"接受""重新关注计划""理性分析"得分低于对照组,"责难他人"得分高于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);网络成瘾组有或无共患抑郁障碍受试者的"接受"维度得分均低于对照组、"责难他人"维度得分均高于对照组(P<0.05);网络成瘾组共患抑郁障碍受试者"重新关注计划"维度得分低于无共患受试者和对照组(P<0.05);其余各指标比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);网络成瘾者的SDS得分与CERQ量表的"接受"及"重新关注计划"得分呈负相关(r=-0.31、-0.36,P<0.01),与"责难他人"得分呈正相关(r=0.39,P<0.01),其他维度无显著相关。结论:网络成瘾者的情绪调节策略存在一定缺陷,共患抑郁障碍加重了某些情绪调节策略的不足。
Objective: To investigate the effect of emotion regulation of Internet addicts with or without comorbid depressive disorder. Methods: 59 adolescents diagnosed with Internet addiction as Internet addict group( 16 of whom diagnosed with comorbid depressive disorder and 43 without comorbid depressive disorder),and 60 matched healthy controls without Internet addiction were assessed with the Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire( CERQ) and the Self-rating Depression Scale( SDS)were chosen as the control group. Comparing SDS scrore and CERQ scores of all levels of both groups;adopting Pearson to analyze relevance between Internet additcs CERQ and SDS scores. Results: The Internet addicts group scored higher than control group in SDS score; Internet addicts group scored lower on the dimensions of CERQ including Acceptance,Refocus on planning,and Putting into perspective but higher on Blaming others than controls( P < 0. 05). Internet addicts group with or without comorbid depression scored lower on Acceptance than control group,in the dimension of Blaming others scored higher than control group( P < 0. 05). in the dimension of Refocus on planning,Internet addicts group with comorbid depressive disorder scored lower than both healthy controls and Internet addicts without comorbid depression( P < 0. 05). Correlation analyses showed that SDS scores were negatively related to Acceptance and Refocus on planning of CERQ( r =-0. 31,-0. 36,P < 0. 01),but positively correlated with Blaming others( P < 0. 01); other dimensions showed no obvious relevance.Conclusion: Internet addicts showed distinct deficits in emotion regulation strategies,which were closely linked to the comorbid depressive disorders in Internet addiction.

关键词(KeyWords): 网络成瘾;抑郁障碍;青少年;情绪调节;认知策略;共患障碍
internet addiction;depression;adolescents;emotion regulation;cognitive strategy;comorbid disorder

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 国家自然科学基金(31560284);; 教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目(14YJC190022);; 贵州省高校优秀科技创新人才支持计划[黔教合KY字(2015)485]

作者(Author): 张旭;张冉冉;严万森;
ZHANG Xu;ZHANG Ranran;YAN Wansen;College of Medical Humanities,Guizhou Medical University;Karamay Vocational & Technical College;

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DOI: 10.19367/j.cnki.1000-2707.2017.12.009

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