贵州医科大学学报

2017, v.42;No.199(04) 468-471

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维持性血液透析患者焦虑抑郁状况与人格特征的关联性
Relations between Anxiety,Depression and Personality Characteristics in Maintenance Hemodialysis Patients

于霞;邓冰;何珊;查艳;
YU Xia;DENG Bing;HE Shan;ZHA Yan;Guizhou Medical University;Guizhou Provincial People's Hospital;

摘要(Abstract):

目的:评估维持性血液透析(MHD)患者焦虑、抑郁状况与人格特征的关联性。方法:收集行维持性血液透析治疗的患者248例,应用一般资料调查表、医院焦虑抑郁量表(HAD)、艾森克人格问卷调查表(EPQ)对MHD患者进行问卷调查,探讨MHD患者的焦虑抑郁状况与人格特征的关联性。结果:HAD结果显示,被调查的MHD患者中,33.87%有焦虑症状,38.31%有抑郁症状,同时有焦虑抑郁症状的占18.95%;MHD患者的焦虑或抑郁得分与EPQ中的精神质量表(P)、神经质量表(N)得分有关联性(t=4.71,7.76,2.78,4.21;P<0.05);焦虑抑郁两种症状联合分析与EPQ中的P量表、外向内向量表(E)、N量表等得分有关联性(r=0.241,-0.168,0.404;P<0.05);结论:一定数量的MHD患者存在焦虑和(或)抑郁症状,应关注MHD人群的心理疏导。
Objective: To evaluate the condition of anxiety or depression in maintenance hemodialysis( MHD) patient,and to analyze their correlations with personality characteristics. Methods: Selecting248 maintenance hemodialysis patients. General data questionnaire,Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale( HAD) and Eysenck Personality Questionnaire( EPQ) were used to evaluate the correlations of anxiety or depression with personality characteristics. Results: 33. 87% of the patients had anxiety symptom,38. 31% suffered from depression symptom,and 18. 95% got anxiety and depression symptom. There were correlations between patients' scores of anxiety or depression in HAD and the scores in psychoticism scale,and neuroticism scale of EPQ( t = 4. 71,7. 76,2. 78,4. 21; P < 0. 05). Joint analysis of anxiety and depression symptoms were associated with the scores in psychoticism scale,extroversion and introversion scale,and neuroticism scale of EPQ( r = 0. 241,-0. 168,0. 404; P <0. 05). Conclusion: A certain number of MHD patients suffer from anxiety and( or) depression,attention should be paid to the psychological counseling of MHD population.

关键词(KeyWords): 血液透析;焦虑;抑郁;人格
hemodialysis;anxiety;depression;personality

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作者(Author): 于霞;邓冰;何珊;查艳;
YU Xia;DENG Bing;HE Shan;ZHA Yan;Guizhou Medical University;Guizhou Provincial People's Hospital;

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DOI: 10.19367/j.cnki.1000-2707.2017.04.020

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