贵州医科大学学报

2017, v.42;No.207(12) 1397-1401

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遵义市育龄女性生殖健康知识知晓状况调查
Survey on the Awareness of Reproductive Health Knowledge among Women of Childbearing Age in Zunyi City

熊世敏;李远兵;肖永霞;周远忠;
XIONG Shimin;LI Yuanbing;XIAO Yongxia;ZHOU Yuanzhong;School of Public Health,Zunyi Medical College;Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical College;Ideological and Political Department,Zunyi Medical College;

摘要(Abstract):

目的:了解遵义市育龄女性对生殖健康知识的知晓状况。方法:采用分层随机抽样方法抽取遵义市20岁及以上的400名成年女性行自制"女性生殖健康知识问卷"调查,分析不同年龄和文化程度育龄女性的孕育情况、对生殖健康知识的知晓现状、态度及相关行为现状。结果:共收到有效问卷359份,359例育龄女性的孕次和现有子女数随年龄增加而增加,随文化程度增高而下降,组间比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);20~34岁年龄组育龄女性对女性生殖健康知识认知、态度及行为优于等35~49岁年龄组育龄女性(P<0.05),随文化程度的增高,育龄女性对女性生殖健康知识认知度及态度、行为的正确度也相应增高(P<0.05),但总体水平均较低。结论:遵义市育龄女性对生殖健康知识的知晓情况不容乐观,生殖健康态度和行为习惯较差,需提高和加强育龄女性的生殖健康意识。
Objective: To investigate the awareness of reproductive health knowledge among women of childbearing age in Zunyi City. Methods: A self-designed " Female Reproductive Health Questionnaire" was conducted among 400 adult women aged 20 and over in Zunyi City by stratified random sampling method. Results: The average number of pregnancies,the number of existing children and the number of abortion among 359 women of childbearing age were 1. 98 ± 1. 26,1. 49 ± 1. 04 and 0.47 ± 0. 79 introspective. The number of gravidity and the number of the present children increased with the growth of age,and decreased with the increase of the level of education. The difference between the two groups were statistically significant( P < 0. 01); With the increase of age and education levels,women of childbearing age on the common malignancy,sexually transmitted diseases,genital tract infection and other aspects of the main knowledge of the degree of awareness between the differences were statistically significant( P < 0. 05); Of all the respondents,92. 8% thought that the menstrual period was unable to carry on sexual life,56. 5% considered that the treatment of gynecological diseases was the best way to go to the hospital,83% thought that the vulva needed to be cleaned regularly,84. 7%thought they needed to do regular gynecological examination; The proportion of daily wash pussy was 26. 2%,the proportion of choice of shower was 86. 6%,the proportion of daily replacement of underwear was 28. 4%,when the menstrual abnormalities( amenorrhoea,irregular menstruation,etc.)when the proportion of medication conditioning 50. 7%. Conclusion: The awareness of reproductive health knowledge of women of childbearing age in Zunyi City is not optimistic,the correct reproductive health attitude and behavior habits are poor. The relevant publicity and education activities should be carried out to attract women of childbearing age to pay enough attention to reproductive health knowledge,improve and thier strengthen the reproductive health awareness.

关键词(KeyWords): 育龄女性;生殖健康;健康知识;问卷;遵义
women of childbearing age;reproductive health;health knowledge;questionnarie;Zunyi

Abstract:

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基金项目(Foundation): 遵义医学院研究生社会实践项目(zy-ysh2016004)

作者(Author): 熊世敏;李远兵;肖永霞;周远忠;
XIONG Shimin;LI Yuanbing;XIAO Yongxia;ZHOU Yuanzhong;School of Public Health,Zunyi Medical College;Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical College;Ideological and Political Department,Zunyi Medical College;

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DOI: 10.19367/j.cnki.1000-2707.2017.12.008

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