贵州医科大学学报

2017, v.42;No.207(12) 1393-1396

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失独老人的心理健康状况及其影响因素分析
Analysis of Mental Health Status of the Elderly Who Lost Their Only Child

张吉;
ZHANG Ji;Medical Humanities College,Guizhou Medical University;

摘要(Abstract):

目的:研究失独老人的心理健康状况,分析其主要影响因素。方法:采用老年心理健康问卷、社会支持量表(SSS)和生活事件量表(LES)3个量表,对某省3个地级市219名失独老人心理健康状况进行调查,比较不同性别、受教育水平、健康状况和职业的失独老人心理健康状况,分析失独老人的心理健康状况的影响因素。结果:男性、受教育程度高、健康状况良好及以脑力劳动为主的失独老人心理健康状况优于女性、受教育程度低、健康状况差及以体力劳动为主的失独老人(P<0.05或0.01);失独老人的情绪与社区服务、睡眠与精力、躯体不适感、经济状况及主观支持呈正相关(P<0.05或0.01);失独老人的心理健康状况与生活环境呈正相关(P<0.01或0.001)。结论:失独老人的生活环境、经济状况、主观支持等影响其心理健康状况,为促进失独老人的心理健康,需将物质和精神养老相结合,形成有效的社会支持网络,有助于提高他们的生活幸福感。
Objective: To investigate the mental health status of the elderly who lost their only child and analyze the main influencing factors. Methods: By using the elderly mental health questionnaire,social support scale( SSS),life events scale( LES),this paper is aimed to study the mental health status of the elderly who lost their only child and analyze the main influencing factors based on the research of 219 elderly people who lost their only child in 3 cities of the same province,with comparison of different gender,education level,health status and occupations. Results: The mental health status of the male elderly with high educational level,good health and mental work was superior to that of the female with low education,poor health and physical labor( P < 0. 05 or 0. 01); their state of mind was positively correlated with the community service,sleep and energy,body comfort,economic status and subjective support( P < 0. 05 or 0. 01). Conclusions: The mental health status of the elderly who lost their only child is positively correlated with the living environment,economic status and subjective support. In order to promote their mental health,it is necessary to combine the material and spiritual endowment,form an effective social support network and help to improve their sense of happiness in life.

关键词(KeyWords): 失独老人;心理健康;社会支持;受教育程度;问卷
the elderly who lost their only child;mental health status;social support;educational level;questionnaire

Abstract:

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作者(Author): 张吉;
ZHANG Ji;Medical Humanities College,Guizhou Medical University;

Email:

DOI: 10.19367/j.cnki.1000-2707.2017.12.007

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