贵州医科大学学报

2015, v.40;No.175(04) 377-380

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健康教育对哮喘儿童家长认知水平及治疗依从性的影响
Effects of Health Education on the Cognitive Level and Treatment Compliance of Parents of Asthmatic Children

罗新兵;朱晓萍;李波;杨俊;
LUO Xinbing;ZHU Xiaoping;LI Bo;YANG Jun;Department of Pediatrics,Guiyang Medical College;

摘要(Abstract):

目的:探讨健康教育对哮喘儿童家长认知水平及治疗依从性的影响。方法:将120例哮喘患儿随机分为两组,即健康教育组和对照组,均按照《儿童支气管哮喘诊断与防治指南》方案治疗,对健康教育组在常规治疗的基础上给予系统性规范化哮喘健康教育管理。结果:治疗1年后,健康教育组患儿家长对疾病的认知水平、治疗依从性、哮喘控制水平均明显好于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。对照组治疗前后各项指标比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05),健康教育组治疗前后各项指标比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论:对哮喘儿童进行系统的健康教育管理有助于提高家长对疾病的认知水平,显著提升治疗依从性,有效改善哮喘防治水平。
Objective: To explore the effects of health education on the cognitive level and treatment compliance of parents of asthmatic children. Methods: A total of 120 asthmatic children were randomly divided health education group and control group,both the two groups were treated according to the " childhood asthma prevention and treatment guidelines",the health education group was given systematic standardized asthma health education management on the basis of conventional therapy. Results:After 1 year of treatment,the parents' cognitive level,treatment compliance and asthma control level in health education group were significantly better than the control group,the difference was statistically significant( P < 0. 05). The indicators in the control group before and after treatment showed no significant difference( P > 0. 05),while the difference of the indicators in the health education group before and after treatment was statistically significant( P < 0. 05). Conclusions: Health education on parents of asthmatic children helps to improve the parents' cognitive level and the treatment compliance,so as to effectively improve the level of prevention and treatment of asthma.

关键词(KeyWords): 哮喘;儿童;健康教育;认知水平;依从性
asthma;child;health education;cognitive level;compliance

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基金项目(Foundation): 贵州省科技厅社会发展攻关项目基金[黔科合SY字(2010)3018号];; 贵阳市科技局社会发展领域科技攻关项目基金(2010筑科农合同字第1-社-23号)

作者(Author): 罗新兵;朱晓萍;李波;杨俊;
LUO Xinbing;ZHU Xiaoping;LI Bo;YANG Jun;Department of Pediatrics,Guiyang Medical College;

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DOI: 10.19367/j.cnki.1000-2707.2015.04.013

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