贵州医科大学学报

2021, v.46;No.244(01) 95-99+104

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有氧运动对男性酒精依赖患者焦虑的干预效果
Intervention of aerobic exercise on anxiety in men with alcohol dependence

赵静雯;覃颖;杨勇;魏锦逸;陈璐璐;
ZHAO Jingwen;QIN Ying;YANG Yong;WEI Jingyi;CHEN Lulu;Department of Psychiatry,the Second People's Hospital of Guizhou;

摘要(Abstract):

目的探讨有氧运动干预对男性酒精依赖患者焦虑的影响。方法选取男性酒精依赖患者50人作为研究对象均分为2组采用交叉设计分2个阶段开展实验,第1阶段系第1组予运动干预、第2组予阅读干预,7 d后第2阶段2组研究对象的干预方式进行交换;采用临床酒精戒断症状评定量表(CIWA-AR)及宾夕法尼亚酒精渴求量表量表(PACS)分别测评2组研究对象实验前的戒断情况及渴求度,同时收集并比较2组研究对象的人口学资料及饮酒信息;采用状态焦虑量表(SAI)分别计算SAI总分、正性情绪部分评分(SAI_(正性情绪))及负性情绪部分评分(SAI_(负性情绪))评定所有研究对象实验前和第1、2阶段干预后的焦虑状况。结果实验前2组研究对象的人口学资料、饮酒信息、CIWA-AR、PACS、SAI、SAI_(正性情绪)及SAI_(负性情绪)评分等资料比较,差异均无统计学意义(P>0.05);运动和阅读干预后的SAI和SAI_(正性情绪)评分有差别(P <0.001)但SAI_(负性情绪)评分无差别(P>0.05)。结论急性有氧运动对男性酒精依赖者的焦虑症状有影响,尤其对正性情绪的影响更为明显。
Objective:To investigate the effect of aerobic exercise intervention on anxiety in male alcohol dependent patients.Methods 50 male alcohol addicts were randomly divided into 2 groups.Cross-design was used to carry out the experiment in two stages.Stage 1 was group 1 with exercise intervention and group 2 with reading intervention.After 7 days,the intervention mode of group 2 was exchanged.The clinical alcohol withdrawal symptom scale(CIWA-AR) and the Pennsylvania alcohol craving scale(PACS) were used to evaluate the withdrawal status and craving degree of the two groups before the experiment.The demographic data and drinking information of the two groups were collected and compared.State anxiety scale(SAI) was used to calculate SAI total score,positive emotion score(SAI_(positive emotion)) and negative emotion score(SAI_(negative emotion)).All subjects were assessed for anxiety before and after stage 1 and 2 intervention.Results The demographic data,drinking information,CIWA-AR,PACS,SAI,SAI_(positive emotion),and SAI_(negative emotion) score of the two groups before the experiment were compared,and the difference was not statistically significant(P>0.05).There were differences in SAI and SAI_(positive emotion) scroes after exercise and reading intervention(P<0.001),but there was no difference SAI_(negative emotion) score(P> 0.05).Conclusion Acute aerobic exercise has an effect on anxiety symptoms in men with alcohol dependence,especially on positive emotions.

关键词(KeyWords): 焦虑;有氧运动;酒精依赖;复饮;正性情绪;负性情绪
anxiety;aerobic exercise;alcohol dependence;re-drinking;positive emotion;negative emotion

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 贵州省卫生健康委科学技术基金(gzwjkj2019-1-114);; 贵州省中医药、民族医药科学技术研究专项课题(QZYY-2019-030);; 贵阳市科技计划项目[筑科合同(2019)2-11]

作者(Author): 赵静雯;覃颖;杨勇;魏锦逸;陈璐璐;
ZHAO Jingwen;QIN Ying;YANG Yong;WEI Jingyi;CHEN Lulu;Department of Psychiatry,the Second People's Hospital of Guizhou;

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DOI: 10.19367/j.cnki.2096-8388.2021.01.017

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