贵州医科大学学报

2015, v.40;No.177(06) 600-602+607

[打印本页] [关闭]
本期目录(Current Issue) | 过刊浏览(Past Issue) | 高级检索(Advanced Search)

贵阳市云岩区成人代谢综合征的流行病学特征
Epidemiological Feature Analysis of Adult Metabolic Syndrome in Yunyan District of Guiyang City

潘春柳;张威;李鹏华;吴雅冬;张江萍;
PAN Chunliu;ZHANG Wei;LI Penghua;WU Yadong;ZHANG Jiangping;Department of Disease Control,Center for Disease Control and Prevention in Yunyan District;

摘要(Abstract):

目的:了解贵阳市云岩区成人代谢综合征(MS)的患病率及流行病学特征,为重点人群MS预防和干预工作提供依据。方法:利用云岩区居民营养与健康状况调查中905名成人有关信息进行分析,按《中国成人血脂异常防治指南》中MS诊断标准进行诊断,分析该地区成人MS患病率及MS组分异常情况。结果:受检人群MS患病率为20.0%,男、女MS患病率分别为22.4%、18.3%,未婚、有配偶、离异及丧偶成人的MS患病率分别为11.9%、19.8%、25.0%、25.8%,小学及以下、初中、高中或职高、大专及以上MS患病率分别为25.6%、18.4%、17.6%、16.7%,差异均无统计学意义(P>0.05);≥60岁组MS患病率最高(38.7%),汉族(21.6%)高于其他少数民族(8.3%),离退休人员(35.6%)高于其他职业人群(17.3%),人均年收入<15 000元人群(21.9%)MS发病率高于年收入>15 000元人群(11.3%),差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05);181名MS患者中,单项组分异常检出率由高到低依次为总胆固醇(TG)、高密度脂蛋白胆固醇(HDL-C)、血压、腰围、血糖。结论:MS已成为危害云岩区居民,特别是年龄≥60岁老年人健康与生命的重大公共卫生问题,对重点人群应加强健康教育干预,使其改变膳食结构,加强体育锻炼,达到控制血脂、血压及血糖,降低心脑血管疾病发生的目的。
Objective: To investigate prevalence rate and epidemiological feature of metabolism syndrome( MS) in Yunyan district of Guiyang,and provide the basis for prevention and intervention for target group. Methods: The data were collected from Yunyan District Nutrition and Health Survey on905 adults. Diagnostic criteria for the metabolic syndrome was based on Chinese Adult Dyslipidemia Prevention Guide,which was utilized to analyze the metabolic syndrome and the prevalence of metabolic abnormalities. Results: The prevalence rate of MS was 20. 0%. The rate of male and female were22. 4% and 18. 3% respectively. MS prevalence rate of unmarried,married,divorced and widowed adults were respectively 11. 9%,19. 8%,25. 0% and 25. 8%. MS prevalence rate of people who had different education levels: primary and below,middle,high school,vocational school,college and higher,were 25. 6%,18. 4%,17. 6% and 16. 7%. Differences showed no statistical significance( P > 0. 05). 60 years old and above group showed the highest prevalence rate( 38. 7%). Han people( 21. 6%) showed higher prevalence rate than other minorities( 8. 3%). Prevalence rate of retirees( 35. 6%) was higher than those in other occupations( 17. 3%). The prevalence rate of MS in people with annual per capita income below 15 000 yuan( 21. 9%) was higher than people with over 15 000yuan( 11. 3%). All differences had statistical significance( P < 0. 05). Among 181 MS patients,the detection rate of the individual metabolic abnormalities in descending order as follows: total cholesterol( TG) abnormalities,high-density lipoprotein cholesterol( HDL-C),abnormal blood pressure,abnormal waist circumference and blood glucose abnormalities. Conclusion: MS becomes a major public health problem which afflicting our residents in Yunyan district,especially those aged over 60. It is needed to enhance health education intervention on target group to change their dietary structure,increase physical exercises in order to achieve the goal of controlling blood lipids,blood pressure and blood sugar,then reducing the incidence of cardiovascular disease.

关键词(KeyWords): 代谢综合征;成人;患病率;流行病学研究;贵阳
metabolic syndrome;adult;prevalence rate;epidemiological studies;Guiyang

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 云岩区居民营养与健康状况调查项目[云科项字(2011)12号]

作者(Author): 潘春柳;张威;李鹏华;吴雅冬;张江萍;
PAN Chunliu;ZHANG Wei;LI Penghua;WU Yadong;ZHANG Jiangping;Department of Disease Control,Center for Disease Control and Prevention in Yunyan District;

Email:

DOI: 10.19367/j.cnki.1000-2707.2015.06.013

参考文献(References):

文章评论(Comment):

序号(No.) 时间(Time) 反馈人(User) 邮箱(Email) 标题(Title) 内容(Content)
反馈人(User) 邮箱地址(Email)
反馈标题(Title)
反馈内容(Content)
扩展功能
本文信息
服务与反馈
本文关键词相关文章
本文作者相关文章
中国知网
分享