贵州医科大学学报

2003, (06) 515-518

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贵州省部分地区精神疾病流行病学调查比较研究
A Comparative Study on the Epidemiological Investigation of Mental Disorders in Some Areas of Guizhou Province

张迪然,贾良春,周曹,王列全,吴安仁,吴刚,罗环跃,戎笛生,黄信初,曹玉鸣,粟宏,张薇
ZHANG Di-ran 1, JIA Liang-chun 1, ZHOU Cao 1,WANG Lie-quan 1, WU An-ren 1, WU Gang 1, LUO Huan-yue 1, RONG Di-sheng 1, HUANG Xin-chu 1, CAO Yu-ming 1, SU Hong 2, ZHANG Wei 2 (1. The Second Hospital of Guizhou, Guiyang 550004, China; 2. Qiannan District Mental Hospital of Guizhou Province, Duyun 555800, China)

摘要(Abstract):

目的 :了解 2 1世纪初贵州省部分地区各类精神障碍患病率与 1986年比较的变动情况。方法 :按照《精神疾病流行学调查手册》规定的调查流程及各种筛选和诊断工具 ,调查了贵州省部分地区的 986 4人。结果 :各类精神障碍 (不含神经症 )的时点患病率 14 6 8‰ ,终生患病率 15 4 4‰ ,与 1986年比较 ,有所上升 ,药物滥用和酒依赖的患病率明显上升。结论 :药物滥用、精神分裂症和酒依赖患病率居前三位 ,精神发育迟滞 (2 2 6‰ )虽排第四位 ,但较 1986年 (4 4 5‰ )明显下降 ,以上疾病均应列为防治和研究的重点。
Objective: To discover the possible change of prevalence of mental disorders between 1986 and 2001 in some areas of Guizhou province. Methods: Using the investigation procedure and diagnostic tools required by the “Investigation Handbook”, an investigation was conducted to 9 864 people in some areas of Guizhou province. Results: Compared with the data of 1986’s investigation, an increased tendency of prevalence of mental disorders excluding neurotic disorder was noted. The time-point prevalence and Life-time prevalence were 14.68‰ and 15.44‰ respectively. The prevalence rate of drug abuse and alcohol dependence were significantly elevated during 1986 to 2001. Drug abuse, schizophrenia and alcohol dependence ranked the first to the third in their prevalence, and the prevalence of mental retardation ranked the fourth. The present prevalence rate (2.26‰) tended to be lower than that in 1986 (4.45‰). Conclusion: More attention should be paid to prevention, treatment and research of these diseases.

关键词(KeyWords): 精神病;患病率;流行病学研究;贵州
psychotic disorder; prevalence; epidemiologic,studies; Guizhou

Abstract:

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基金项目(Foundation): 贵州省科学技术基金资助 (2 0 0 0 30 36) ;; 贵州省留学人员科技活动项目择优资助 (2 0 0 1 0 0 1 )

作者(Author): 张迪然,贾良春,周曹,王列全,吴安仁,吴刚,罗环跃,戎笛生,黄信初,曹玉鸣,粟宏,张薇
ZHANG Di-ran 1, JIA Liang-chun 1, ZHOU Cao 1,WANG Lie-quan 1, WU An-ren 1, WU Gang 1, LUO Huan-yue 1, RONG Di-sheng 1, HUANG Xin-chu 1, CAO Yu-ming 1, SU Hong 2, ZHANG Wei 2 (1. The Second Hospital of Guizhou, Guiyang 550004, China; 2. Qiannan District Mental Hospital of Guizhou Province, Duyun 555800, China)

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DOI: 10.19367/j.cnki.1000-2707.2003.06.015

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