贵州医科大学学报

2007, No.129(06) 614-617+621

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2003年贵阳城区5737名儿童少年生长发育状况分析
An Analysis on the Growth and Development Status of 5737 Children in Guiyang City,in 2003

肖德卫,邓冰,冯承芸,王秀英
XIAO Dewei,DENG Bing,FENG Chengyun,WANG Xiuying(School of Public Health

摘要(Abstract):

目的:了解本地区儿童少年生长发育状况及变化趋势,为本地区学校卫生保健提供科学建议及指导。方法:采用整群分阶段抽样方法抽取本地区5737名6~13岁儿童少年进行形态、机能、营养状况及常见病等测量。结果:本地区儿童少年生长发育状况良好,生长发育趋势符合一般规律,呈现增长趋势;生长发育领先全省水平,但营养状况不理想,营养不良率达7.74%;肥胖率:14.6%;学校常见病以视力低下,龋齿,沙眼检出率高。结论:贵阳城区6~13岁儿童少年生长发育呈加速趋势,同时还存在营养不良率偏高和肥胖率上升的双峰状况。
Objective:To study the growth and development status and its tendency of children and adolescents in Guiyang city,and so as to provide scientific basis for the corresponding hygienic work in the region.Methods:Morph genesis,function,nutritional status and occurred common diseases of 5737 school children and adolescents aged 6-13 in the region were surveyed with cluster multistage sampling method.Results:The state of growth and development of children and adolescents in the region was good;the tendency of their growth and development corresponded to general regularity,and the indexes were increasing from year to year;The level of growth and development was higher than the provincial average,while the nutritional status was not as ideal,which showed a malnutrition rate of 7.74% and a obesity rate of 14.6%;The incidences of poor sight,dental caries and trachoma were relatively high among those of the common diseases in schools.Conclusion:The growth and development status of children and adolescents presents an increasing tendency,but an ascendant split-blip tendency of unsymmetrically high malnutrition rate and obesity rate occurs.

关键词(KeyWords): 儿童发育;身高;体重;胸部;脉搏;肺活量;视力,低;营养评价
child development;body height;body weight;thorax;pulse;vital capacity;vision,low;nutrition assessment

Abstract:

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作者(Author): 肖德卫,邓冰,冯承芸,王秀英
XIAO Dewei,DENG Bing,FENG Chengyun,WANG Xiuying(School of Public Health

DOI: 10.19367/j.cnki.1000-2707.2007.06.043

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