贵州医科大学学报

2016, v.41;No.191(08) 919-922

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贵阳市云岩区2008-2014年手足口病流行特征
Epidemic Characteristics of Hand,Foot and Mouth Disease in Yunyan District of Guiyang City in 2008-2014

李曦;潘春柳;张江萍;罗鹏;
LI Xi;PAN Chunliu;ZHANG Jiangping;LUO Peng;College of Public Health,Guizhou Medical University;Disease Prevention and Control Section,Disease Prevention and Control Center in Yunyan District;Health and Family Planning Committee of Yunyan District;

摘要(Abstract):

目的:分析2008-2014年贵阳市云岩区手足口病(HFMD)的流行特征。方法:整理贵阳市云岩区2008-2014年HFMD网络直报数据,使用SPSS19.0软件,描述性分析HFMD的发病情况,计算2008-2014年HFMD年发病率并环比分析;统计云岩区下辖19个街道办事处2008-2014年HFMD平均发病率、不同性别及年龄段HFMD的年发病率以及云岩区各发病人群发病数累计构成比。结果:贵阳市云岩区2008-2014年共报告HFMD18 983例,发病率为(118.61~652.82)/10万;2008-2009年发病率呈缓慢上升趋势,2010年达高峰,2011-2014年HFMD发病率呈明显下降趋势;全区19个街道办事处均有HFMD病例发生,男性年均发病率高于女性,0~5岁幼儿发病增长率最多,散居儿童所占比例较大(占73.79%)。结论:贵阳市云岩区HFMD发病率进入到缓慢下降期,0~5岁以及散居儿童是今后干预的重点人群。
Objective: To analyze epidemic characteristics of hand,foot and mouth disease( HFMD)in Yunyan district of Guiyang city in 2008- 2014. Methods: Network direct report data of HFMD from 2008 to 2014 in Yunyan district of Guiyang city were organized,SPSS 19. 0 was used to analyze HFMD incidence. The HFMD incidence of 19 district offices in Yunyan district were observed,as well as the HFMD incidence in different sex and age group. Constituent ratio of HFMD incidence of different population was detected. Results: During 2008 to 2014,18 983 HFMD cases were reported,the incidence was 118. 61 ~ 652. 82 /10 million in Yunyan district of Guiyang city. HFMD incidence in2008- 2009 showed a slow upward trend,and reached peak at 2010,then showed a significant downward trend in 2011- 2014. The 19 street offices had reported HFMD cases. HFMD incidence of male population was more than female population,HFMD incidence of 0 ~ 5 years old children was the highest in all the age groups,HFMD incidence of scattered children was higher. Conclusions: HFMD incidence of Yunyan district of Guiyang city comes into slow downward period. In the future,0 ~ 5 years old and scattered children are the key crowd who need intervetion.

关键词(KeyWords): 手足口病;儿童;肠道病毒感染;防控措施;贵州
hand;foot and mouth disease;children;intestinal virus infection;prevention and control measures;Guizhou

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作者(Author): 李曦;潘春柳;张江萍;罗鹏;
LI Xi;PAN Chunliu;ZHANG Jiangping;LUO Peng;College of Public Health,Guizhou Medical University;Disease Prevention and Control Section,Disease Prevention and Control Center in Yunyan District;Health and Family Planning Committee of Yunyan District;

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DOI: 10.19367/j.cnki.1000-2707.2016.08.013

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