贵州医科大学学报

2020, v.45;No.233(02) 219-223

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297例二胎孕妇抑郁情绪及影响因素
An Investigation on Depression in 297 Pregnant Women with Second Birth and Its Influencing Factors

杨红梅;徐其超;周倩倩;王惠群;刘菁;
YANG Hongmei;XU Qichao;ZHOU Qianqian;WANG Huiqun;LIU Jing;Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene,Guizhou Medecial University;Obstetrics Department,Guiyang Maternal and Child Health-Care Hospital;

摘要(Abstract):

目的:调查二胎孕妇抑郁情绪的状况,分析二胎孕妇产生抑郁情绪的影响因素。方法:选取297例二胎孕妇,采用问卷调查法,调查其年龄、学历、睡眠质量等一般人口学特征,应用抑郁筛查量表(PHQ-9)分析二胎孕妇有无抑郁情绪及抑郁情绪的严重程度;根据PHQ-9评分,将研究对象分为对照组(0~4分,无抑郁情绪)和病例组(5~27分,有抑郁情绪),采用χ~2检验比较两组二胎孕妇的一般人口学特征资料的构成差异,Logistic回归分析二胎孕妇抑郁情绪的影响因素。结果:297例二胎孕妇中,4110%无抑郁情绪,5890%有抑郁情绪,可能轻微抑郁者占比最多、可能中度抑郁者其次、可能中重度抑郁者和可能重度抑郁者占比最少;单因素分析显示,病例组和对照组二胎孕妇的年龄、二胎意愿和睡眠质量比较,差异有统计学意义(P<005);Logistic回归分析结果显示,年龄> 35岁(OR=7305,95%CI为1433~37232)是二胎孕妇抑郁情绪的危险因素,睡眠质量良好(OR=0101,95%CI为0027~0038)是二胎孕妇抑郁情绪的保护因素。结论:年龄和睡眠质量是二胎孕妇抑郁情绪的影响因素。
Objective: To investigate the status of depression in pregnant women with second birth,and to analyze its influencing factors.Methods: A total of 297 pregnant women with second birth wereinvestigated about their general demographic characteristics with questionnaire, on age, education, andsleep quality. The patient health questionnaire 9(PHQ-9) was used to judge depressive emotion andits degrees. According to the scoring criteria of PHQ-9, the subjects were divided into the controlgroup(0 ~ 4 points, without depression) and the case group(5 ~ 27 points, with depression).Composition differences in general demographic data between the 2 groups were compared by χ~2 tests.Logisticregression was used to analyze the influencing factors to depression emotion.Results: Thedetection rates of pregnant women with and without depression were respectively 58. 90% and41. 10%. In the case group, the proportion of slightly possible depression persons was the highest,that of moderately possible depression persons ranked second, and that of moderately severe andseverely depressed persons was the lowest. Univariate analysis indicated that there were statisticallysignificant differences in age, second-child willingness, and sleep quality between the 2 groups ofpregnant women(P< 0. 05). The results ofLogisticmultivariate regression analysis on depressionemotion of pregnant women with second birth showed that age > 35(OR= 7.305, 95% CI: 1. 433 ~37. 232) was the risk factor and good sleep quality(OR= 0.101, 95% CI: 0. 027 ~ 0. 038) was theprotective factor.Conclusion: Age and sleep quality may be influencing factors to depression ofpregnant women with second birth.

关键词(KeyWords): 抑郁;孕妇;情绪;危险因素;年龄;睡眠
depression;pregnant women;emotion;risk factors;age;sleep

Abstract:

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基金项目(Foundation): 贵州省科学技术基金[黔科合J字(2012)2043]

作者(Author): 杨红梅;徐其超;周倩倩;王惠群;刘菁;
YANG Hongmei;XU Qichao;ZHOU Qianqian;WANG Huiqun;LIU Jing;Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene,Guizhou Medecial University;Obstetrics Department,Guiyang Maternal and Child Health-Care Hospital;

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DOI: 10.19367/j.cnki.1000-2707.2020.02.018

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