贵州医科大学学报

2015, v.40;No.173(02) 192-194

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缺血性脑卒中患者发病前服用抗血小板药对疾病严重程度及转归的影响
Influence of Premorbid Application of Antiplatelet Drugs on Severity and Prognosis of Ischemic Stroke

赵玉苹;
ZHAO Yuping;Ciqu Health Institute of Tongzhou Distrct;

摘要(Abstract):

目的:探讨缺血性脑卒中患者发病前抗血小板药物的应用对患者病情严重程度及疾病转归的影响。方法:98例缺血性脑卒中患者根据发病前是否应用抗血小板药物分为观察组与对照组,入院后均给予吸氧、降颅压、抗血小板等常规治疗,对比两组患者入院时美国国立卫生研究院卒中量表(NIHSS)评分、颅脑卒中面积、治疗1周时颅内出血发生率、症状性颅内出血发生率、死亡率,并于发病第90天时采用改良Rankin量表评估患者预后。结果:两组患者入院时NIHSS评分及颅脑CT卒中面积比较差异均无统计学意义(P>0.05);治疗1周时两组患者颅内出血发生率、症状性颅内出血发生率以及死亡率比较,差异均无统计学意义(P>0.05);发病第90天两组患者预后良好率及预后不良率比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。结论:缺血性脑卒中患者发病前应用抗血小板药物并未对疾病的严重程度及转归造成明显影响。
Objective: To discuss the influence of premorbid application of antiplatelet drugs on severity and prognosis of ischemic stroke. Methods: A total of 98 patients with ischemic stroke were divided into the observation group and the control group according to whether premorbid application of antiplatelet drugs,all the patients were accepted conventional treatment as oxygen,decreasing intracraninal pressure,antiplatelet and so on. NIHSS score,CT brain stroke area on admission,intracranial hemorrhage incidence,symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage incidence,and the death rates at 1 week after therapy were contrasted between the two groups; and the modified Rankin scale was used to evaluate the prognosis of the patients. Results: There was no significantly difference in the NIHSS score or CT brain stroke area before the treatment( P > 0. 05); no significant difference was found in the incidence of intracranial hemorrhage,symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage,and death( P > 0. 05); no significant difference was found in the prognosis( P > 0. 05). Conclusions: Premorbid application of antiplatelet drugs can not cause significant impact on the severity and prognosis of ischemic stroke.

关键词(KeyWords): 缺血性脑卒中;发病前用药;抗血小板药物;严重程度;预后
ischemic stroke;premorbid application;antiplatelet drug;severity;prognosis

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作者(Author): 赵玉苹;
ZHAO Yuping;Ciqu Health Institute of Tongzhou Distrct;

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