贵州医科大学学报

2018, v.43;No.214(07) 790-793

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贵阳市某城区中老年人群超重和肥胖流行病学调查
Epidemiological Investigation of Overweight and Obesity of Middle-aged and Elderly Adults in Guiyang

汪凯悦;徐淑静;时立新;张巧;彭年春;
WANG Kaiyue;XU Shujing;SHI Lixin;ZHANG Qiao;PENG Nianchun;Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism,the Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University;

摘要(Abstract):

目的:调查贵阳市某城区中老年人群超重及肥胖流行状况。方法:采用随机整群抽样的方法选择在贵阳市云岩区居住5年以上40~80岁的普通汉族居民共10 017人为研究对象,进行问卷调查、体格检查,计算体质量指数(BMI),比较不同年龄段男性女性超重、肥胖、中心性肥胖比例,观察不同运动量、睡眠状况及文化程度对象的肥胖率。结果:不同年龄段男性超重率、肥胖率及中心性肥胖率比较,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);随着年龄的增长,女性超重率、肥胖率及中心性肥胖率逐渐增高,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);在40~69岁年龄段,男性的超重率高于同年龄段女性(P<0.05),40~49岁年龄段男性肥胖率高于同年龄段女性(P<0.01),50岁以上年龄段女性中心性肥胖率高于同年龄段男性(P<0.01);有规律中等强度运动人群、受教育程度较高的人群肥胖率较低(P<0.01)。结论:贵阳市中老年人群超重率、肥胖率及中心性肥胖率与西南、西部部分地区研究结果相似,中年男性、老年女性、缺乏运动及受教育程度低的人群是肥胖防治的重点人群。
Objective: To investigate the epidemiological characteristics of overweight,obesity and central obesity of middle-aged and elderly adults in Guiyang,China. Methods: The Yunyang District of Guiyang City,Guizhoyu China was selected as the research site. A total of 10 017 Han residents of over 40 years old who lived in Guiyang for more than 5 years were selected. A randomized cluster sampling method was used to conduct questionnaires and physical examinations. Results: The rate of overweight of the male population was higher than that of the female( P < 0. 05). There was no significant difference in the obesity rate between the male and the female,but the prevalence of female central obesity was higher than that of the male( P < 0. 01). In the male population,the obesity rate in the group of aged 40 ~ 49 was higher than that in the same aged group of the female( P < 0. 05). The prevalence of overweight,obesity,and central obesity in the female population increased with the growth of age( P < 0. 01),and the prevalence of central obesity in the female groups of aged over 50 were significant higher than that in the male groups of the same age( P < 0. 01). People with regular moderate-intensity exercise and higher education had lower rates of obesity. Conclusion: The prevalence rate of overweight,obesity,and central obesity in the middle-aged and elderly population in Guiyang City is similar to some ares of southwest and western vegions. Middle-aged men,older women and people with lack of exercise,and of lower education levels are the focus of obesity prevention.

关键词(KeyWords): 中年人;老年人;超重;肥胖;中心性肥胖;患病率;流行病学
middle-aged adults;elderly adults;overweight;obesity;central obesity;prevalence rate;epidemiology

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 贵州省省长资金临床应用课题专项研究基金(黔省专合字2012-100号)

作者(Author): 汪凯悦;徐淑静;时立新;张巧;彭年春;
WANG Kaiyue;XU Shujing;SHI Lixin;ZHANG Qiao;PENG Nianchun;Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism,the Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University;

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DOI: 10.19367/j.cnki.1000-2707.2018.07.010

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