贵州医科大学学报

2013, v.38;No.165(06) 604-606

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贵州省2009-2012年孕产妇HIV感染流行病学特征
Analysis on Epidemiological Characteristics of HIV-infected Maternal Women in 2009- 2012 in Guizhou Province

张弛;张玉琼;张爱华;李军;李艳萍;张嘉炜;
ZHANG Chi;ZHANG Yuqiong;ZHANG Aihua;LI Jun;LI Yanping;ZHANG Jiawei;School of Public Health,Guiyang Medical College;Health Department of Guizhou Province;

摘要(Abstract):

目的:分析贵州省2009-2012年HIV感染孕产妇流行病学特征。方法:收集贵州省2009-2012年预防AIDS母婴传播(PMTCT)管理信息系统网络直报资料和HIV孕产妇个案登记卡信息,对2009-2012年孕产妇HIV检测阳性率,HIV感染孕产妇的年龄、民族、文化、职业等人口学特征,妊娠、分娩情况,HIV感染途径及相关危险行为进行描述性分析。结果:2009-2012年孕产妇HIV检测阳性率逐年下降,2009年为0.73‰,到2012年下降为0.22‰;32.8%的HIV感染孕妇在孕期保健时确诊,HIV感染孕产妇年龄为(26.94±5.28)岁,66.1%为汉族,以农民为主;性传播感染占43.7%,其中31.1%为与HIV感染配偶/性伴发生危险性行为所致,HIV感染者以初中文化最多,占49.0%。结论:2009-2012年贵州省孕产妇HIV的感染率为下降趋势,主要途径是性接触,仅小部分感染者于孕期保健时确诊。
Objective: To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of HIV-infected maternal women in Guizhou province. Methods: The information of prevent of mother-to-child transmission( PMTCT) management information system and individual registration cards of HIV-infected maternal women in 2009- 2012 was collected. Descriptive analysis on positive rates,age,nation,education background, job,pregnancy and delivery conditions,infection ways and related risk factors of HIV-infected maternal women was carried out. Results: HIV positive rates of maternal women decreased in 2009- 2012 year by year; 32. 8% HIV-infected maternal women were diagnosed during pregnancy health care. The ages of HIV-infected maternal women were( 26. 94 ± 5. 28) years,66. 1% was Han nationality. Most of them were farmers. Sexual transmission accounted for 43. 7%,31. 1% of which had risk sexual behaviors with HIV-infected spouse / partner. Conclusions: HIV positive rates of maternal women decrease year by year in 2009- 2012,the main infection way is sexual contact,and only a small part of HIV-infected maternal women are diagnosed during pregnancy health care.

关键词(KeyWords): 贵州;HIV感染;孕产妇;流行特征;母婴传播
Guizhou provience;HIV infection;maternal woman;epidemiological characteristics;maternal-neonatal transmision

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基金项目(Foundation): 贵州省卫生厅项目(G2011-01)

作者(Author): 张弛;张玉琼;张爱华;李军;李艳萍;张嘉炜;
ZHANG Chi;ZHANG Yuqiong;ZHANG Aihua;LI Jun;LI Yanping;ZHANG Jiawei;School of Public Health,Guiyang Medical College;Health Department of Guizhou Province;

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