贵州医科大学学报

2018, v.43;No.214(07) 855-859+863

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住院新生儿父母焦虑与抑郁状况及其影响因素
Analysis on Anxiety and Depression Status of Neonatal Parents in Zaozhuang City

阴法强;
YIN Faqiang;Pediatric Department,Zaozhuang Hospital of Zaozhuang Mining Group;

摘要(Abstract):

目的:探讨枣庄市住院新生儿父母焦虑与抑郁状况,并分析影响因素。方法:选取枣庄市住院新生儿的父母500例,采用自制《陪伴住院新生儿父母临床资料调查表》收集新生儿及其父母的一般情况,对患儿父母进行焦虑自评量表(SAS)、抑郁自评量表(SDS)评分,并作单因素分析和独立影响因素的logistic回归性分析影响患儿父母的焦虑、抑郁情绪的因素;通过住院新生儿父母不良心理状态原因调查表调查父母焦虑和抑郁情绪的产生的原因。结果:500例父母的SAS和SDS量表评分分别为(66.75±13.05)分和(59.46±12.58)分;单因素分析显示,住院新生儿父母的SAS和SDS评分与新生儿入院时日龄、病情、入院时体重、呼吸机使用情况和父母的性别及人均月收入、新生儿住院经历以及医保报销有关(P<0.05),logistic回归性分析显示,上述因素是住院新生儿父母焦虑与抑郁状况的独立危险因素(P<0.05),住院新生儿父母焦虑和抑郁情绪产生的原因有差异(P<0.05)。结论:枣庄市住院新生儿父母易产生焦虑和抑郁情绪,影响情绪和产生情绪的因素不同,应采取相应的个性化心理加以干预。
Objective: To investigate the anxiety and depression status and influencing factors of neonatal parents in Zaozhuang City. Methods: 500 hospitalized neonatal parents were selected,general information of all parents and neonate were collected with self-made Survey on Clinical Information of Neonatal Parents; SAS and SDS of neonatal parents were evaluated; Logistic Regression Analysis was carried out to analyze anxiety and depression of neonatal parents through single factor analysis and independent influencing factor. Unhealthy psychological state of neonatal parents reasons were analyzed for the origins of anxiety and depression. Results: SAS and SDS scale scores of 500 parents were( 66. 75 ± 13. 05) and( 59. 46 ± 12. 58). Single factor analysis showed that neonatal parents' anxiety and depression were related with neonates hospitalized days of age,condition of illness,weight on admission,breathing machine use and parents' gender,monthly income per-capita,neonates hospital experience,insurance reimbursement( P < 0. 05); Logistic Regression analysis showed that,above mentioned factors were the independent risk factors of neonatal parents ' anxiety and depression( P <0. 05); the causes of neonatal parents anxiety and depression were different( P < 0. 05). Conclusions:Hospitalized neonatal parents are prone to have anxiety and depression,and the reasons are different.It is suggested that individualized psychological intervention should be adopted according to individual cases.

关键词(KeyWords): 婴儿,新生;住院;父亲;母亲;焦虑;抑郁
baby,newborn;hospitalization;father;mother;anxiety;depression

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作者(Author): 阴法强;
YIN Faqiang;Pediatric Department,Zaozhuang Hospital of Zaozhuang Mining Group;

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DOI: 10.19367/j.cnki.1000-2707.2018.07.025

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