贵州医科大学学报

2014, v.39;No.171(06) 844-847+850

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肾上腺三维超声诊断的研究
Study on the Method of Three-dimensional Ultrasound in the Diagnosis of Adrenal Gland

文静;向明;
WEN Jing;XIANG Ming;Ultrasonic Center,the Affiliated Hospital of Guiyang Medical University;

摘要(Abstract):

目的:研究肾上腺三维超声切面显示情况,提高肾上腺超声诊断准确率。方法:选取52例健康志愿者,采取仰卧位、俯卧位及侧卧位,从横切面、冠状面及矢状面观察双侧肾上腺的显示率、形态及三维超声正常值,并在饮水后再次扫查,比较饮水前后仰卧位各切面指标变化。结果:不同检查体位与切面,对肾上腺的显示率影响较大,仰卧位经侧腰行冠状切面扫查肾上腺显示率最高,左侧与右侧卧位次之,俯卧位肾上腺显示率较低;饮水后以充盈的胃作为透声窗时,左肾上腺显示率明显增加,但会影响右侧肾上腺显示。结论:了解肾上腺的三维超声诊断方法,有利于快速准确的探查肾上腺。
Objective: To study the three dimensional ultrasound scanning section of adrenal glands,and so as to improve the accuracy of ultrasound diagnosis of adrenal glands. Methods: Detection rate,morphology and normal ultrasound value of bilateral adrenal glands of 52 healthy volunteers were examined from transverse,coronal and sagittal sections by taking supine,prone and lateral position,and scanned again after drinking water,the detection rates of each section before and after drinking water were compared. Results: Different check positions and sections led to quite different detection rates of adrenal glands,coronary sections detected from supine position got highest detection rates,followed by right and left lateral position,and detection rate of prone position were the lowest. After drinking water,detection rate of left adrenal gland increased,but the detection rate of right adrenal gland decreased. Conclusions: Understanding three-dimensional ultrasound diagnosis method of adrenal glands contributes to quick and accurate detection of bilateral adrenal glands.

关键词(KeyWords): 肾上腺;超声检查,多普勒,彩色;立体定位技术
adrenal glands;ultrasonography,doppler,color;stereotaxic techniques

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作者(Author): 文静;向明;
WEN Jing;XIANG Ming;Ultrasonic Center,the Affiliated Hospital of Guiyang Medical University;

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