贵州医科大学学报

2017, v.42;No.200(05) 545-548+552

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贵州省5市(县)18~80岁人群血脂水平分布特征
Investigation of Distribution Characteristics of Plasma Lipids Levels in People Over 18 Years Old in 5 Cities(Counties) of Guizhou Province

赵松华;陈桂华;李忻;刘怡娅;刘琳;兰子尧;姚明;
ZHAO Songhua;CHEN Guihua;LI Xin;LIU Yiya;LIU Lin;LAN Ziyao;YAO Ming;Health Monitoring and Testing Institute,Guizhou Center for Disease Control and Prevention;Guizhou Talent Base for Infectious Disease Prevention and Control;

摘要(Abstract):

目的:分析贵州省城乡不同地区18岁及以上人群血脂水平及分布特征。方法:采用多阶段分层整群随机抽样方法,对贵州省2010-2012第五次全国营养与健康监测项目点中的5个项目点城市及农村人口3322名18~80岁常住人口空腹血浆总胆固醇(TC)、甘油三酯(TG)及血浆高密度脂蛋白胆固醇(HDL-C)的结果进行分析,比较18~44岁、45~59岁和60~80岁人群,各年龄段男女性人群,农村-城市人群中3项指标的水平及分布特征。结果:18~80岁人群TC为(4.60±0.93)mmol/L,TG为(1.55±1.12)mmol/L,HDL-C为(1.36±0.42)mmol/L;城市居民TC、TG水平高于农村(P<0.05);18~44岁、45~59岁和60~80岁人群TC水平比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),TC水平随年龄增加而增加;男性TG高于女性(P<0.05);农村居民HDL-C水平高于城市(P<0.05)。结论:本次调查人群的TC、TG及HDL-C均值在较高水平。
Objective: To analyze the level of lipid and distribution characteristic of urban and rural residents in Guizhou province. Methods: Multiple stage stratified cluster random sampling method was adopted to analyze the data of fasting plasma total cholesterol(TC),triglyceride(TG) and high density lipoprotein-cholesterol(HDL-c) of 3322 permanent residents between 18 and 80 years old from 5 project spots of the 5thNational Nutrition Survey in Guizhou between 2010 and 2012. The level and distribution characteristics of above 3 indicators were compared between age groups of 18-44,45-59 and 60-80,between males and females in each age group,and between urban and rural residents. Results:The plasma total cholesterol(TC),triglyceride(TG),high density lipoprotein-cholesterol(HDL-C)were(4. 60 ± 0. 93) mmol/L,(1. 55 ± 1. 12) mmol/L and(1. 36 ± 0. 42) mmol/L respectively in adults over 18 years of age. The mean level of TC and TG in urban residents was significantly higher than their counterparts in rural residents(P < 0. 05). There were statistically significant differences in TC between age groups of 18 ~ 44,45 ~ 59 and 60 ~ 80(P < 0. 05). The level of TC increased with age. The TG level of male was significantly higher than that of female(P < 0. 05). The level of HDL-C in rural residents was significantly higher than that in urban residents(P < 0. 05).Conclusion: Essential attention should be paid to the higher level of TC,TG and HDL-C in Guizhouresidents.

关键词(KeyWords): 胆固醇;甘油三酯;高密度脂蛋白胆固醇;血脂;成年居民
cholesterol;trigylceridesl;high density lipoprotein-cholesterol;lipids;adult resident

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基金项目(Foundation): 国家卫生计生委(原卫生部)医改重大项目[中国居民营养与健康状况监测(2010-2012年)];; 原卫生部《重大疾病防治项目》(卫办疾控2010-149号)

作者(Author): 赵松华;陈桂华;李忻;刘怡娅;刘琳;兰子尧;姚明;
ZHAO Songhua;CHEN Guihua;LI Xin;LIU Yiya;LIU Lin;LAN Ziyao;YAO Ming;Health Monitoring and Testing Institute,Guizhou Center for Disease Control and Prevention;Guizhou Talent Base for Infectious Disease Prevention and Control;

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