贵州医科大学学报

1985, (01) 62-66

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114名聋哑学生残余听力及前庭功能调查报告
A Report of the Residual Hearing and Vestibular Function in 114 Deaf-murism Students

林尚泽;田茂春;蒋碧君;洪渊;
Ling Shangze Department of ENT

摘要(Abstract):

<正> 为了给防聋治聋工作提供资料,对我省安顺市聋哑学校114名耳聋生进行了检查,现就病因、残余听力及前庭功能检查结果分析如下: 调查方法病史检查系将印就的表格包括:性别、年龄、发病年龄、致聋的可能原因、家族耳聋史等、寄请家长填写,并由老师补充。听力检查除用Danplex牌纯音测听计检测,以了解有无残余听力外,为了进一步了解聋儿有无实用残余听力,让他们截上国营南华无线电厂生产的助听器,检查者发韵母a、e、o、u和1~10数字音,如能听懂,再发双音词或简单语句测试,按聋儿的反应情况,将之粗分为有或无实用残余听力二组。前庭功能检查分别采用Barany氏族转
In 1982 we investigated students in a deaf-mutism school, in order to find out their probable causes residual hearing and the condition of their vestibular function. The methods of examination included the anamnesis inquiry, audio- metry, rotation and caloric tests. We examined 114 students. The causes of deaf-mutism were as follows: congenital deafness 38.6%; acquired deafness 61.4%. The main causes of the latter were due to ototoxic antibiotics 70%, infectious diseases 20%, high fever 10%, 82(72%) students still maintained some degree of residual hearing, which could be developed and trained by high power hearing aid, About half of the examined students had normal vestibular function, 94.3% of the acquired deaf-mutism students had an onset within the first 3 years of age, so we consider that the hearing surveillance must be listed an important part in the children's care of public health.

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作者(Author): 林尚泽;田茂春;蒋碧君;洪渊;
Ling Shangze Department of ENT

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