贵州医科大学学报

2013, v.38;No.161(02) 145-148

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家长口腔健康意识对儿童口腔健康行为的影响
The Influence of Oral Health Consciousness of Parents on Oral Health Behaviors of Children

张志昱;
ZHANG Zhiyu(Department of Stomatology,People's Hospital of Qiaoxi District of Zhangjiakou City,Zhangjiakou 075000,Hebei,China)

摘要(Abstract):

目的:测评家长的口腔健康意识与儿童口腔健康行为之间的联系。方法:采用简单随机方法选取社区6~12岁儿童1 850名,在社区内开展口腔健康教育活动3个月;对研究对象的家长发放调查问卷,采用多次测量的方法,调查口腔健康教育前后家长口腔健康意识及儿童口腔健康行为情况,分析两者的相关性。结果:在社区内开展口腔健康教育活动前家长的口腔健康意识差,儿童龋齿充填率和5龄齿窝沟封闭率低,口腔健康行为差;经过系统开展口腔健康教育活动,家长的口腔健康意识和儿童口腔健康行为有明显改善,龋齿充填率和6龄齿窝沟封闭率明显提高。结论:家长的口腔健康意识对儿童的口腔健康行为有积极的影响作用。
Objective: To investigate the relationship between parent oral health consciousness and child oral health behaviors.Methods: Simple and random sampling methods were adopted to collect data of 1 850 children aged 6 to 12 years in Nanyingfang community,and oral health education was implemented in the community for 3 months.Questionnaires were distributed to parents of the study objects,and multiple measurement method was used to examine parent oral health consciousness and child oral health behaviors before and after education.Results: Before education,parent oral health consciousness was poor,filling rate of dental caries and sealing rate of tooth groove among 5-years old children were low,and oral health behaviors of children were bad.After systematic education,parent oral health consciousness,and the child oral health behaviors were improved obviously,and the filling rates and sealing rates increased obviously.Conclusions: Parent oral health consciousness has positive influence on child oral health behaviors.

关键词(KeyWords): 口腔;健康教育;儿童行为;意识
mouth;health education;child behaviors

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 张家口市2012年科学技术研究与发展计划社发领域自筹经费项目(1221034D)

作者(Author): 张志昱;
ZHANG Zhiyu(Department of Stomatology,People's Hospital of Qiaoxi District of Zhangjiakou City,Zhangjiakou 075000,Hebei,China)

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DOI: 10.19367/j.cnki.1000-2707.2013.02.009

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