贵州医科大学学报

1999, (02) 3-5

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两所小学8~12岁儿童气质特点及类型分布
The Primary Inquire on the Feature and the Distribution of Temperament Type of Children Aged 8 12 in Two Primary schools

夏梓红,李光林,关福琴,鲁永辉,王秀荣,崔峻
Xia Zhihong,et al, Guiyang Maternal and Child Health Care Institute

摘要(Abstract):

目的:为了解和评价贵阳市8~12岁儿童气质特点及类型分布,对472名儿童进行测查。方法:按整群随机抽样原则,选用M<TQ量表,计算9个气质维度分,并将气质分为五种类型,SPSS/PC+软包进行统计学处理。结果:问卷合格率9833%,男童活动性、预测性、适应性、持久性得分明显高于女童(P<001或P<005),随着年龄增长,活动水平降低,预测性升高(P<005),气质类型E、D、S、I—D和I—E各占2733%、1314%、657%、1377%和3919%。结论:8~12岁儿童气质有明显性别和年龄差异,与社会环境因素的作用随着儿童年龄的增长影响逐渐增强有关,E型低于全国资料,而D型和I-D高于全国(P<0001),其原因有待进一步探讨。
Objection: In order to know and evaluate the feature and the distribution of temperament types of children aged 8~12 in our city,472 children were questioned. Method: The sampling principle is random cluster sample. All the children were inquired with MCTQ questionnaire. According to the grades of nine dimension of temperament analyged with spss/pc + software, the temperament was chassified into five types.Results: The qualified questionnaire rate was 98.33% and the grades of activity、predicting、adepting and continuing of boys were much higher than those of girls (P<0 01 or P<0 05). With the increase of boys' age, the level of activity declined and the ability of predicting rised (P<0 05) The ratios of type E、D、S、I D and I E were 27 33%、13 14%、6 57%、13 77% and 39.19% respectively. Conclusion: There were obvious difference of temperament of children aged 8~12, relating to the influence of social and enviorment factors, which become stronger gradually with the increse of chilren's age. The rate of type E was lower in our city than that of the state level, the ratios type D and I D were higher in our sample than that of the state level(P<0 001). The reasons for this needs further research.

关键词(KeyWords): 儿童,儿童心理学,儿童行为
child; child psychology; child behavior

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作者(Author): 夏梓红,李光林,关福琴,鲁永辉,王秀荣,崔峻
Xia Zhihong,et al, Guiyang Maternal and Child Health Care Institute

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DOI: 10.19367/j.cnki.1000-2707.1999.02.017

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