贵州医科大学学报

1980, (02) 114-122

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贵州省宽阔水自然保护区蚤类简志及一新属三新种记述(蚤目)
A SURVEY ON FLEAS FROM KUANKUOSHUI A NATURAL RESERVE IN GUIZHOU PROVINCE

李贵真;黄贵萍;
Li Kuei--chen;Huang Gui--ping Department of Biology

摘要(Abstract):

<正> 1976年我们先后两次到贵州绥阳县的宽阔水进行动物体内、外寄生虫的采集调查。宽阔水是贵州省的自然保护区。该地海拔1,700公尺左右,周围山林密茂,各山岭大多有溶岩石洞,各洞又大多有暗河流水,气候阴湿多雾,动植物区系丰富而具有特点。我们两次所采虽不够全面;但所获尚有代表性。本文只就蚤类部分作一简志。此外,绥阳
The survey was undertaken in June-July and October-November 1976, Thir- teen species or subspecies of host animal were found infested with fleas. Alto- gether 9 genera and 11 species of fleas belonsing to 5 families were found, among which 1 genus and 3 species are new to science. 1. Ctenophthalmus eothenomus sp. nov. Type specimens: Holotype male and allotype female both frcm Eothenomys sp., Paratypes. 3 males, 5 females from the same host species, 3 males 1 female from Apodemus chevrieri, 1 female from Rattus fulvescens. Diagnosis. Male (fig, 1)L~2 of the immovable process of clasper is short and broad. The movable process is shocter than that of C. quadratus, being narrowed gradually toward the base, with its apical margin obligue, not deeply sinuated. The posterior arm of the 9th sternite is shorter than half of the anterior arm, or about equal to it. Female (fig. 2): the upper lobe of the 7 th sternite is the longest, the median lobe samewhat roundish and the lower one the smallest. The 7 th sternite has a pcominent marginal selerotization and the 8 th tergite has an unciform sclerotization. 2. Ctenophthalmus breviproiiciens sp. nov. Type specimens: Holotye male, off Eothenomys sp. Diagnosis. male (fig. 3) L~2 of the immovable process of clasper is very short and broad, not protruted (same in both sides). The anterior apical angle of the movable process is wide and round with 6 sensilia. The posterior arm of the 9 th sternite is obviously longer than half of the anterior one. Typhlomyopsylla gen. nov Diagnosis. The new genus is related to the unique genus Ornithophaga Miku- lin, 1957 of the tribe Ornithophagini Hopkins & Rothschild, 1971 of Leptop- syllidae, but shows a series of distinct characters: head and thorax with nume- rous bristles, no naked central area ca the outer surface of the fore coxa and it is devoid of frontal tubercle, eye, genal combi, nterantennal suture and meta- notal spinelets. Although it parasites on mammal,there are 29-31 pronotal spi- nes. Mesonotum with pseudosetae, coxae of all legs normal instead of being nar- rowed, hind coxa without patch of spiniforms, 5th segment of all tarsi with 5 pairs of bristles, of which the third pair displacd to the planter surface. Both male and female have 3 antepygidial bristles instead of 2. Male (fig. 4) The 8th tergite is rather small and the 8th sternite well deve- loped with numerous bristles. The movable process of clasper has no spini- form. The posterior arm of the 9 th sternite neither extended apically nor basal ventrally, sensiliun without caudal extension. Female (fig. 5): There is no distinct demarcation between the bulga and hilla of the spermatheca. On Typhlo- mys cinereus, a rather rare mammal. Type-species: Typhlomyopsylla cavaticus sp. nav. 3. Typhlomyopsylla cavaticus sp. nov. Type specimens: Holotype male, allotype female and 8 male, 8 female para- types all from Fyphlomys cinereus. Diagnosis: The immovable process of clasper is broad and conical. Both the manubrium, anterior and the posterior arms of the 9 th sternite are very narrow and long, like slender roils. Female (fig. 5): apex of the 7th sternite has a very narrow sinus, its lower lobe is longer than the upper, the anal stylet has 1 long apical and 1 lateral bristle. The perula of the bursa copulatrix is as round as a ball, the duct of which is short and straight, with a salerotized ridge. The taxonomic position of the genus Typhlomyopsylla is discussed. All the spcimens are deposited in Gaiyang Medical College.

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作者(Author): 李贵真;黄贵萍;
Li Kuei--chen;Huang Gui--ping Department of Biology

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DOI: 10.19367/j.cnki.1000-2707.1980.02.028

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