贵州医科大学学报

2003, (04) 315-317

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一所综合医院的医院感染现患率调查分析
A Survey on Nosocomial Infecetions in A General Hospital

丁江,梁德玲,王振宇,田茂强,肖莉,吴祥福,陈永波,周福琳,谢江平
DING Jiang, LIANG De-ling, WANG Zhen-yu, TIAN Mao-qiang, XIAO Li, WU Xiang-fu, CHEN Yong-bo, ZHOU Fu-lin, XIE Jiang-ping (Tongren Regional Hospital of Guizhou, Tongren 554300, China)

摘要(Abstract):

目的:了解综合医院感染现患率状况,为制定医院感染控制措施提供可靠依据。方法:以2001年6月27日零时~24时所有住院病人为调查对象,采取床旁逐个询问、体检和查阅住院病历调查相结合的方法,并按全国医院感染监控网的要求逐项填写个案调查表。结果:调查当日住院病人246例(应查250例),实查率为98.40%,发生医院感染12例,医院感染率为4.88%。在医院感染部位中手术部位感染4例,占33.33%;泌尿道感染4例,占33.33%,两者并居首位,其次是皮肤软组织感染3例,占25%;下呼吸道感染1例,占8.33%。结论:改进监测方法,减少侵入性操作,合理应用抗生素是降低医院感染率的关键。
Objective;To etimate the status of nosocomial infections in a general hospital so as to give the basis of control measures to nosocomial infections. Methods: All hospitalized patients in the hospital on June 27 2001 were investigated by bed-visiting, and body checking, combining with refering of their history of diseases. Results;Of the 246 patients investigated, 12 patients had nosocomial infections, including urinary tract infection 4 cases (33. 33% ) , gastrointestinal tract infection 4 cases (33. 33% ), skin-soft tract infection 3 cases (25% ) , and respiratory tract infection 1 case (8. 33% ). The general infection rate of the hospital was 4. 88%. Conclusion;To improve surveillance method, reduce intruding manipulation, and reasonablly use antibiotics are the key to decrease nosocomial infection.

关键词(KeyWords): 交叉感染;横断面研究;住院病人
cross infection; cross-sectional studies; inpatients

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作者(Author): 丁江,梁德玲,王振宇,田茂强,肖莉,吴祥福,陈永波,周福琳,谢江平
DING Jiang, LIANG De-ling, WANG Zhen-yu, TIAN Mao-qiang, XIAO Li, WU Xiang-fu, CHEN Yong-bo, ZHOU Fu-lin, XIE Jiang-ping (Tongren Regional Hospital of Guizhou, Tongren 554300, China)

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DOI: 10.19367/j.cnki.1000-2707.2003.04.012

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