贵州医科大学学报

1995, (02)

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急性病毒性肝炎的血清病原分型及流行病学分析
The Prevalence of Different Types of Hepatitis in Patients with Acute Viral Hepatitis in Guizhou Area

丁静娟,陆彤,黄惠宜,王世琪,钱定毅
Ding Jingjuan,et al.(Department of Infectious Diseases,Guiyang Medical College)

摘要(Abstract):

对214例急性病毒性肝炎患者作病原学分型研究,并结合流行病学资料进行分析。结果,甲型为56.54%,乙型为12.6%,甲、乙型混合感染为2.34%,丙型为4.67%,戊型为10.28%,13.55%未能分型,未发现有丁型。甲肝的平均发病年龄为21岁,乙型、丙型与戊型分别为27岁、37岁和33岁。各型肝炎均为男性多于女性,尤其是乙型和戊型。61.45%的甲肝发生在10月至次年2月,而乙型、内型和戊型无明显季节性。甲肝、戊肝病人常有肠道暴露史而丙肝、乙肝病人肠外暴露较多见。
In order to investigate the prevalence of different types of viral hepatitis in Guizhou area,a serological and epidemiological survey of acute viral hepatitis in 214 cases was carried out.Serum specimens were tested by ELISA for specific antibody against HAV、HBc、HCV、NDV and HEV.The results showed that hepatitis A(HA) was diagriosed in 121 cases(56.54%),hepatitis B(HB)in 27 cases(12.6%),HA and HB mixted infection in 5 cases(2.34%),hepatitis C in 10 cases(4.67%),hepatitis E in 22 cases(10.28%),unidentification type of hepatitis could been found in 29 cases (13.55%).The age distribution of patients was that HA had a significantly younger median age (21 years old)than HB(27 years old),HC(37 years old) or HE(33 years old). As to other epidemiological data,there are some significant differences between the different types of hepatitis.

关键词(KeyWords): 人病毒性肝炎,病毒抗体,免疫酶技术
hepatitis, viral, human;antibodies, viral; immunoenyme technics

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作者(Author): 丁静娟,陆彤,黄惠宜,王世琪,钱定毅
Ding Jingjuan,et al.(Department of Infectious Diseases,Guiyang Medical College)

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