贵州医科大学学报

2006, (01) 38-42

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学龄前集体儿童行为问题影响因素的多水平模型
Multilevel Model for Analysis of Factors Influencing the Behavior of Congregate Preschool Children

李新华;张伟;夏梓红;
LI Xin-hua~1,ZHANG Wei~2,XIA Zi-hong~3(1.School of Public Health,Guiyang Medical College,Guiyang 550004,China;2.The Fourth People's Hospital of Guiyang,Guiyang 550001,China;3.The Maternity and Child Care Hospital of Guiyang,Guiyang 550002,China)

摘要(Abstract):

目的:探讨城市学龄前儿童行为问题发生情况,研究影响儿童行为问题危险因素的作用。方法:用问卷和评价的方法调查1 228名集体学龄前儿童的行为问题发生情况及其影响因素,用多水平Logistic回归模型分析危险因素的作用大小。结果:儿童行为问题检出率为16.77%,儿童行为问题有交往不良、焦虑、社交退缩、躯体诉述、抑郁及强迫性行为。孕周异常、母亲有孕期异常、教育方法不当、儿童气质类型为难养型是儿童发生行为问题的危险因素。结论:不应忽视班级环境对集体学前儿童行为问题的影响,用多水平模型分析整群抽样的心理学调查资料可得到更多的信息。
Objective: To study the situation of behavior problems of preschool children in city and the influence of risk factors on those problems.Methods: 1 228 congregate preschool children were investigated by filling questionnaire and giving assessment.The effects of risk factors were analyzed with multilevel logistic model.Results: The incidence of behavior problems among preschool children was 16.77%.Social problem,anxiety,flinch in social activities,somatic complaints,depression and obsession were the main categories of the problem.The risk factors related included abnormal pregnant weeks,mother's abnormal conditions during pregnancy,improper disciplining method,and difficult temperament of children.Conclusions: The influence of class environment on congregate preschool children should not be ignored.Multilevel model is very efficient for analysis of psychological survey data from cluster sampling.

关键词(KeyWords): 儿童,学龄前;儿童行为;强迫行为;焦虑;模型,统计学;多水平模型
child,preschool;child behavior;compulsive behavior;anxiety;models,statistical;multilevel model

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作者(Author): 李新华;张伟;夏梓红;
LI Xin-hua~1,ZHANG Wei~2,XIA Zi-hong~3(1.School of Public Health,Guiyang Medical College,Guiyang 550004,China;2.The Fourth People's Hospital of Guiyang,Guiyang 550001,China;3.The Maternity and Child Care Hospital of Guiyang,Guiyang 550002,China)

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DOI: 10.19367/j.cnki.1000-2707.2006.01.012

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