贵州医科大学学报

2018, v.43;No.211(04) 427-430

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大健康视角下某医学院校学生创业问题调查
A Survey of Students' Entrepreneurship in a Medical University from the Perspective of Comprehensive Health

刘雪梅;李尔舒;尤芳;黄梅;李洪;
LIU Xuemei;LI Ershu;YOU Fang;HUANG Mei;LI Hong;Student Funding Management Center,Guizhou Medical University;School of biology and Enginneering,Guizhou Medical University;

摘要(Abstract):

目的:了解大健康视角下大学生的创业理念及创业意愿。方法:选择医药院校2014~2016级、7个专业共700名大学生作为调查对象,采用发放问卷的方式,分析被调查学生的一般情况(性别、年级、专业和生源地),比较各专业、各年级学生对大健康概念的了解、创业意愿、创业领域选以及对创业有益的校内活动选择等。结果:男学生占35.6%,女学生占54.4%;城镇学生17.89%,农村学生82.1%;2014级学生49.2%,2015级学生23.1%,2016级学生27.6%;有39.6%的学生对大健康概念不了解;66.43%的学生有创业意愿,高年级学生创业愿望较高,医学类学生有创业意愿的比例较少;53.1%的学生选择"与自身专业相结合的领域",22.4%选择"当今的热门领域(如大健康等)";52.7%的大学生认为目前掌握的创业知识技能不能满足创业需求;学生认为对创业最有益的校内活动前三位是"模拟创业活动"(53.6%)、"创业培训"(47.4%)和"假期实习、课外兼职"(43.4%)。结论:医学院校坚持人才培养与社会需求协同的办学理念,为大健康发展提供医药创新性人才支撑,加大宣传大健康战略,调整学科结构和专业结构,深化创业课程改革,营造创新创业的校园氛围,加强创业培训。
Objective: To understand college students' entrepreneurial concept and desire from the perspective of comprehensive health. Methods: A total of 700 college students enrolled from 2014 to2016 and from 7 different majors were investigated by a questionnaire survey. Their general information( gender,age,major and birthplace) were analyzed as well as comparison of their understanding of comprehensive health,entrepreneurial desire,selection of entrepreneurship,and their choices of intramural activities beneficial to entrepreneurship. Results: In all the investigated,male students accounted for 35. 6% while female 54. 4%,urban students took up 17. 89% while rural students 82. 1%,and students enrolled in 2014,2015 and 2016 occupied 49. 2%,23. 1% and 27. 6% respectively.39. 6% of the investigated had no idea of comprehensive health. 66. 43% of them had entrepreneurial desire,and upperclassmen among whom were more willing to start their own businesses,while medical students who had entrepreneurial desire were less. 53. 1% of the surveyed chose a field that combines with their own specialty,while 22. 4% chose the most popular industry of today. 52. 7% of the investigated believed that the present knowledge of entrepreneurial skills can not meet the needs of entrepreneurship,and they indicated that for the most beneficial activities of entrepreneurship,the top three activities were " simulated entrepreneurial activities"( 53. 6%), " entrepreneurship training "( 47.4%),and " vacation internships and extracurricular part-time jobs"( 43. 4%). Conclusion: Medical universities should adhere to the educational philosophy that personnel training is in coordination with social needs to provide medical innovative talents for the development of comprehensive health,strengthen the propaganda of comprehensive health strategy,adjust the course structure and professional structure,deepen the reform of entrepreneurship curriculum,create campus atmosphere of innovation and entrepreneurship,and strengthen the entrepreneurship training.

关键词(KeyWords): 大学生;大健康;医学;创业;教育;贵州
college students;comprehensive health;medial science;entrepreneurship;education;Guizhou province

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基金项目(Foundation): 2015年贵州省高校人文社会科学研究基地项目;; 2016年国家级大学生创新创业训练计划项目(201610660007);; 2016年西部地区人才培养特别项目-高等教育行政管理人员出国研修项目(新加坡)

作者(Author): 刘雪梅;李尔舒;尤芳;黄梅;李洪;
LIU Xuemei;LI Ershu;YOU Fang;HUANG Mei;LI Hong;Student Funding Management Center,Guizhou Medical University;School of biology and Enginneering,Guizhou Medical University;

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