贵州医科大学学报

2019, v.44;No.222(03) 302-305

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毕节市受艾滋病影响中学生身心健康分析
Analysis of Physical and Mental Health Status among Middle School Students Affected by HIV/AIDS in Bijie

严征;陈再琴;朱培嘉;贺万静;李丹;庹安写;
YAN Zheng;CHENG Zaiqin;ZHU Peijia;HE Wanjing;LI Dan;TUO Anxie;School of Public Health,Guizhou Medical University;The Center for Disease Prevention and Control in Bijie;College of Medical Humanities,Guizhou Medical University;

摘要(Abstract):

目的:比较毕节市受艾滋病影响中学生(简称受艾中学生)与非受艾中学生身心健康状况,评价受艾中学生的身心健康现状及其特点。方法:采用自填式调查表对毕节市104名受艾中学生和1 917名非受中学生进行现场调查(两周患病率、慢性病检出率、慢性病前四位疾病顺位、自感健康评价、自杀意念、吸烟率及每周早餐次数)。结果:受艾中学生与非受艾中学生的两周患病率差异无统计学意义(P> 0. 05),受艾中学生慢性病检出率显著高于非受艾中学生(P <0. 01),但两组被调查学生慢性病前四位疾病顺位一致;受艾中学生自感健康评价显著好于非受艾中学生,自杀意念发生率却显著高于非受艾中学生(P <0. 05或P <0. 01),受艾中学生与非受艾中学生的吸烟率比较差异无统计学意义(P> 0. 05);受艾中学生每周早餐天数1~4 d的人数最多,非受艾中学生中则以5~7 d为最多(P <0. 05)。结论:受艾中学生身心健康状况、行为生活方式与非受艾中学生存在差别。
Objective: To compare the physical and mental health status among middle school students affected by HIV/AIDS and unaffected by HIV/AIDS in Bijie,and to understand and evaluate physical and mental health status and characteristics among middle school students affected by HIV/AIDS. Methods: A questionnaire survey was conducted on 104 middle school students affected by HIV/AIDS and 1 917 middle school students unaffected by HIV/AIDS in Bijie,and two-week prevalence,detection rate of chronic diseases,ranking of the top four chronic diseases,self-perceived health assessment,suicidal ideation,smoking rate and number of breakfast per week were investigated. Results: There was no statistically significant difference in the two-week prevalence rate between two groups,however,detection rate of chronic diseases of the middle school students affected by HIV/AIDS was apparently higher than those students unaffected by HIV/AIDS( P < 0. 01). The two groups' composition sequence of four leading chronic diseases were the same. To compare the middle school students unaffected by HIV/AIDS,those students affected by HIV/AIDS were better on self-perceived health evaluation and apparently higher at the suicide ideation prevalence( P < 0. 05 or P < 0. 01).There was no statistically significant difference in the smoking rate between two groups. The proportion of breakfast frequency every week among the middle school students affected by HIV/AIDS was statistically different from that of the students unaffected by HIV/AIDS( P < 0. 05),the most frequent proportion was 1 ~ 4 days at the former and 5 ~ 7 days at the latter. Conclusion: There were serious problems in physical and mental health status and behavior life style among the middle school students affected by HIV/AIDS in Bijie,which should gain attention of relevant departments.

关键词(KeyWords): 中学生;健康状况;受艾滋病影响;慢性病;吸烟
middle school students;health status;affected by HIV/AIDS;chronic diseases;smoke

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基金项目(Foundation): 浙江大学基金资助(WX2015-6)

作者(Author): 严征;陈再琴;朱培嘉;贺万静;李丹;庹安写;
YAN Zheng;CHENG Zaiqin;ZHU Peijia;HE Wanjing;LI Dan;TUO Anxie;School of Public Health,Guizhou Medical University;The Center for Disease Prevention and Control in Bijie;College of Medical Humanities,Guizhou Medical University;

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