贵州医科大学学报

2013, (01) 55-57

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1250名儿童孤独感现况调查
An Investigation on Loneliness Feeling of 1250 Children

戴佳芮;邓冰;
DAI Jiarui,DENG Bing(School of Public Health,Guiyang Medical College,Guiyang 550004,Guizhou,China)

摘要(Abstract):

目的:了解儿童主观孤独感的实际状况,为有针对的进行心理健康干预和促进儿童心理健康提供依据。方法:利用随机整群抽样的方法抽取了1 250名3~5年级在校儿童进行儿童孤独量表问卷调查,获得儿童孤独感情况以及性别、年级、父母有无职业等相关信息。结果:9~12岁儿童孤独量表总分为25.65±9.79,不同性别、不同年级的儿童孤独量表总分有统计学差异(P<0.01﹚;父母是否有固定工作也会造成儿童的孤独感(P<0.01)。结论:有13.84%的儿童所体验到的主观孤独感较高,应引起学校、家长、社会的重视。
Objective: To realize current situation of loneliness feeling in children,and so as to provide reliable basis for mental health intervention and promotion of children's mentalhealth.Methods: A questionnaire was conducted among 1250 students of grade 3 to grade 5 in 2 primary schools,by using cluster sampling methods,and Children's Loneliness Scale.Basic information including loneliness feeling,gender,study grades,parents' employment situation were obtained.Results: The total score of Children's Longliness Scale of children aged 9 to 12 was 25.65±9.79;There were significant differences between male and female students,and among students of different grades(P<0.01);Parents' employment situation had significant influence on children's loneliness feeling(P<0.01﹚.Conclusions: About 13.84% of the children felt strong loneliness,which should cause attention on this problem from school,parents,and the society.

关键词(KeyWords): 儿童;孤独;横断面研究
child;loneliness;cross-sectional study

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作者(Author): 戴佳芮;邓冰;
DAI Jiarui,DENG Bing(School of Public Health,Guiyang Medical College,Guiyang 550004,Guizhou,China)

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