贵州医科大学学报

2015, v.40;No.174(03) 264-266

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贵阳市农村初中学生膳食营养状况调查
Survey on Nutrition Status of Junior High School Students in Rural Area of Guiyang

冯光霞;王时敏;贾沛茹;唐艳明;吴宁;
FENG Guangxia;WANG Shimin;JIA Peiru;TANG Yanming;WU Ning;School of Stomatology,Guiyang Medical College;School of Clinical Medicine,Guiyang Medical College;School of Public Health,Guiyang Medical College;Laboratory of Chemistry and Biochemistry,Guiyang Medical College;

摘要(Abstract):

目的:了解贵阳市农村初中学生日常膳食与营养状况。方法:对贵阳市542名农村初中学生进行调查,采用24 h回顾法反映膳食状况,结合身高、体重,应用Rohrer指数评价营养状况。结果:贵阳市农村初中学生能量、蛋白质等营养素普遍摄入不足,其中Ca2+、核黄素、维生素A摄入明显不足,脂肪供能比较低,碳水化合物供能比较高,营养不良比率较高;男学生中瘦弱的比例达14%,女学生中瘦弱的比例最高达37%。结论:贵阳市农村初中学生营养素摄入不足,营养状况不达标。
Objective: To investigate the dietary conditions and nutrition status of junior high school students in rural area of Guiyang. Methods: Adopting 24 Hours Dietary Recall to reflect the dietary condition in 542 junior high school students in rural area of Guiyang; combined with individual height,weight,and Rohrer index to evaluate their nutrition status. Results: The daily intakes of these students were widely insufficient concerning energy,protein. Intakes concerning calcium,riboflavin,Vitamin A were strikingly insufficient; the proportion of fat energizes are low,and that of carbohydrate was high,which led to high rate of malnutrition. Emaciation rate among boys was 14%,while girls37%. Conclusions: Nutrition intakes among junior high school students in rural area of Guiyang are far from enough,and nutrition condition of students is substandard.

关键词(KeyWords): 膳食调查;营养状况;农村人口;学生
diet surveys;nutritional status;rural population;students

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基金项目(Foundation): 贵阳医学院大学生创新创业项目(No:021203101)

作者(Author): 冯光霞;王时敏;贾沛茹;唐艳明;吴宁;
FENG Guangxia;WANG Shimin;JIA Peiru;TANG Yanming;WU Ning;School of Stomatology,Guiyang Medical College;School of Clinical Medicine,Guiyang Medical College;School of Public Health,Guiyang Medical College;Laboratory of Chemistry and Biochemistry,Guiyang Medical College;

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