贵州医科大学学报

2012, (06) 626-628+638

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苗族及侗族中学生应激性生活事件调查
Investigation of Stressful Life Events in Miao and Dong Nationality Middle School Students

邹璇;邓冰;谢平霞;
ZOU Xuan1,DENG Bing1,XIE Pingxia2(1.Department of Medical Psychology,Guiyang Medical College,Guiyang 550004,Guizhou,China;2.Department of Medical Psychology,the Affiliated Hospital of Guiyang Medical College,Guiyang 550004,Guizhou,China)

摘要(Abstract):

目的:探讨苗及侗族中学生应激性生活事件的特点,为中学生身心健康问题的预防和早期干预提供依据。方法:用青少年生活事件量表(ASLEC)对贵州省839名苗族和侗族中学生进行问卷调查,分析各类应激生活事件发生率,两个民族中学生主要应激源及不同性别、年级的中学生应激强度的差异。结果:对两个民族中学生影响较大的生活事件有考试失败和不理想、学习负担重;学习压力、人际关系因子构成中学生主要的应激源,尤其高中学生面临更大的心理应激;女学生人际关系因子和学习压力因子得分高于男学生,男学生其它因子得分高于女学生。结论:苗族和侗族中学生应激性生活事件发生率较高,应激强度有性别、年级差异,学校和家庭应重视苗族、侗族中学生的心理健康教育工作,促进苗族和侗族中学生心理健康发展。
Objective: To explore character of stressful life events in middle school students and to provide reference for preventing and early interposing problems of students' physical and psychological health.Methods: Adolescent Self-Rating Life Events Check List(ASLEC) was performed in 839 middle school students of Miao and Dong nationality in Guizhou to analyze the occurrence rate of stressful life events,main stressors and differences of stress strength in different gender and grade students.Results: The dominant stressful life events were failure in examination and heavy study stress.Study stress and interpersonal relation factors constituted the primary stress,especially the senior high school students were confronted with the greater stress.Girls had higher scores than Boys in study stress and interpersonal relation factors.Boys had higher scores than girls in other factors.Conclusion: The frequency of Miao and Dong nationality middle school students' stressful life events is higher,the strength of stress is different in different sex and grade students.Schools and families should attach importance to psychological health education in Miao and Dong nationality middle school students to promote the development of the students' mental health.

关键词(KeyWords): 苗族、侗族;中学生;生活事件;应激源
Miao and Dong nationality;middle school students;life event;stressor

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基金项目(Foundation): 贵州省科技厅科研基金资助项目[黔技合SY字(2012)3128]

作者(Author): 邹璇;邓冰;谢平霞;
ZOU Xuan1,DENG Bing1,XIE Pingxia2(1.Department of Medical Psychology,Guiyang Medical College,Guiyang 550004,Guizhou,China;2.Department of Medical Psychology,the Affiliated Hospital of Guiyang Medical College,Guiyang 550004,Guizhou,China)

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