贵州医科大学学报

2002, (04) 287-288+291

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贵州省黔西县彝族健康人群HBV感染血清流行病学调查
A Seroepidemiological Investigation on HBV Infection among Healthy Population of Yi Minority in Qianxi County

赵艳,李毅,吴昌学,谢渊,单可人,任锡麟
ZHAO Yan ,LI Yi,WU Chang xue,XIE yuan,SHAN Ke ren (Molecular Biology Laboratory of Guiyang Medical College ,Guiyang 550004,China)

摘要(Abstract):

目的 :了解贵州省黔西县彝族乙型肝炎病毒 (HBV)感染状况。方法 :采用酶联免疫吸附试验 (ELISA)进行HBV标志物的检测和分析。结果 :10 6例彝族人标本中 ,检出HBV感染 6 2人 ,感染率高达 5 8 5 % ,其中男性感染率为 70 2 % ,女性感染率为 4 9 15 % ,男性显著高于女性 (P <0 0 5 ) ,HBV各项阳性率男性均稍高于女性 ,但经 χ2 检验 (P >0 .0 5 )无统计学意义。结论 :彝族人群中HBV感染率高于全国 5省平均水平 (42 2 6 % ) ,亦高于我省罗甸县农村健康人群HBV感染率 (5 4 4 4 % )。
Objective:To investigate the prevalence of HBV infection among healthy people of Yi minority in Qianxi county,Guizhou province. Methods: HBV serum markers were tested in 47 males and 59 females with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results: An overall HBV infection prevalence of 58 5% (62/106) was found. The significant difference was shown between the prevalence rates in males (70 2%) and females (49 15%). The prevalence rates of HBsAg,anti-HBs,HBeAg,anti-HBe and anti-HBc in males were higher than those in females, respectively, however no significant difference was found(P>0 05). Conclusion: The prevalence rate of HBV infection in YI minority is higher than the average of other five provinces(42 26%); and it's also higher than that in healthy population of Luodian county( 55 44%). The study results show that we should take more attention to prevent HBV infection in minorities and to improve the health of minorities.

关键词(KeyWords): 肝炎,乙型;酶联免疫吸附测定;肝炎病毒,乙型
hepatitis B; enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay; hepatitis B virus

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 贵州省长基金资助课题

作者(Author): 赵艳,李毅,吴昌学,谢渊,单可人,任锡麟
ZHAO Yan ,LI Yi,WU Chang xue,XIE yuan,SHAN Ke ren (Molecular Biology Laboratory of Guiyang Medical College ,Guiyang 550004,China)

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DOI: 10.19367/j.cnki.1000-2707.2002.04.004

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