贵州医科大学学报

2002, (02) 123-124+127

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大学二年级学生HBsAg阳性率调查与分析
An Investigation of Positive Rates of HBsAg among Students of Guiyang Medical College

任玮
REN Wei (Department of lmmunology,Guiyang Medical College ,Guiyang 550004,China)

摘要(Abstract):

目的 :检测贵阳医学院二年级医学各专业学生血浆中乙型肝炎表面抗原 (HBsAg)。方法 :用酶联免疫吸附法 (ELISA)。结果 :在被检测的 12 5 3名学生中 ,乙型肝炎表面抗原阳性者 15 2人 ,阳性率为 12 13% ;男性阳性率 14 78% ,女性阳性率 9 0 9% .经统计学处理 ,χ2 =8 93,P <0 0 1,男、女性间存在显著差异。被检查者中接种过乙肝疫苗者 4 6 0人 ,阳性率为 7 93% ;未接种乙肝疫苗学生阳性率为 14 88%。经统计学处理 ,P <0 0 1。少数民族学生阳性率为 11 86 % ,汉族学生阳性率为 12 2 3% ,经统计学处理 ,P >0 0 5 ,民族间差异不显著。结论 :乙肝在大学生中已构成威胁 ,其严重性不容忽视
Objective:To detect the positive rates of HBsAg among students in Guiyang Medical College .Methods:ELISA.Results:The positive rates of HBsAg were 12.13%(152/1253),and were 14.78% in male samples and 9.09% in female samples respectively.The later one was significantly lower than the former one (χ 2=8 93,P<0.01).The positive rates of HBsAg in students injected with HBV vaccine before was different from that of students who were not vaccinated (P<0 01).The comparison of the positive rates between minority students(11.86%)and Han nationality students (12.23%)showed no significant difference (P>0 05)Conclusion: It is a serious problem that medical students have been threatened by HBV and it should not be neglected.

关键词(KeyWords): 肝炎表面抗原,乙型;学生,医科;酶联免疫吸附测定
hepatitis B surface antigens; students,medical; enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay

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作者(Author): 任玮
REN Wei (Department of lmmunology,Guiyang Medical College ,Guiyang 550004,China)

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