贵州医科大学学报

2015, v.40;No.177(06) 608-611+615

[打印本页] [关闭]
本期目录(Current Issue) | 过刊浏览(Past Issue) | 高级检索(Advanced Search)

贵阳市云岩区成人高血压流行现状及危险因素分析
Investigation on Epidemic Status and Risk Factors of Hypertension in Adults of Yunyan District in Guiyang

张德凤;罗鹏;李鹏华;王艳;张江萍;
ZHANG Defeng;LUO Peng;LI Penghua;WANG Yan;ZHANG Jiangping;School of Public Health,Guizhou Medical University;Center for Disease Control and Prevention in Yunyan District;

摘要(Abstract):

目的:调查分析贵阳市云岩区18岁以上居民高血压流行现状及危险因素。方法:多阶段整群随机抽取云岩区18岁以上居民905人进行问卷调查、体格测量和空腹血糖、血脂检测,分析高血压发生率、糖尿病和高血脂人群高血压患病率,同时对高血压患病率的多因素分析。结果:贵阳市云岩区成人高血压患病率为17.6%,男、女患病率比较差异无统计学意义;单因素分析结果表明,高血压患病率随年龄的增加而增加,与患者的文化程度、职业、经济水平、肥胖、糖尿病史可能及高脂血症有关,差异有统计学意义;多因素Logistic回归分析结果显示患者年龄、文化程度、超重或肥胖、糖尿病史可能是高血压的危险因素。结论:贵阳市云岩区成人居民高血压患病率低于全国平均水平,可进一步针对高血压的危险因素大力开展宣传教育,加强高血压的综合防治。
Objective: To investigate epidemic status and risk factors of hypertension of residents in Yunyan district of Guiyang. Methods: Sampled 905 residents above age of 18 in Yunyan district by multi stage cluster random sampling method,conducting questionnaire,medical examination,fasting blood sugar test and blood fats examination. To analyze incidence rate,cause of diabetes and hypertension,as well as multi-factors of hypertension cause. Results: Morbidity of hypertension of adults in Yunyan district in Guiyang was 17. 6%. Difference between male and female morbidity shows no statistically significance; single-factor analysis revealed that prevalence rate of hypertension increased with age growing and was correlated with education level,profession,economic level,obesity,diabetes,hypercholesterolemia,differences were statistically significant. Multivariable Logistic regression analysis revealed that risk factors of hypertension related to ages,education levels,overweight or obesity and diabetes. Conclusion: Hypertension prevalence rate of the residents of Yunyan district in Guiyang is lower than national average. It is advised to enhance education and training over the risk factors and prevention of hypertension.

关键词(KeyWords): 高血压;患病率;危险因素;贵阳
hypertension;morbidity;risk factor;Guiyang

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 云岩区居民营养与健康状况调查项目[云科项字(2011)12号]

作者(Author): 张德凤;罗鹏;李鹏华;王艳;张江萍;
ZHANG Defeng;LUO Peng;LI Penghua;WANG Yan;ZHANG Jiangping;School of Public Health,Guizhou Medical University;Center for Disease Control and Prevention in Yunyan District;

Email:

DOI: 10.19367/j.cnki.1000-2707.2015.06.015

参考文献(References):

文章评论(Comment):

序号(No.) 时间(Time) 反馈人(User) 邮箱(Email) 标题(Title) 内容(Content)
反馈人(User) 邮箱地址(Email)
反馈标题(Title)
反馈内容(Content)
扩展功能
本文信息
服务与反馈
本文关键词相关文章
本文作者相关文章
中国知网
分享