贵州医科大学学报

1999, (03) 243-244+248

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贵阳地区部分人群机会致病性寄生虫感染调查
An Epidemiological Survey of Opportunity Pathogenic Parasites in Guiyang

陈艳,郎书源,李建华,裘学丽
Chen Yan,et al Department of parasitology,Guiyang Medical College

摘要(Abstract):

应用斑点酶联免疫吸附试验 (Dot -ELISA)对 916份孕妇血清及 50 0份健康献血者血清作了弓形虫抗体的检测 ,阳性率分别为 5 6 8% (52 / 916 )及 6 4 0 % (32 / 50 0 ) ;采用纤维支气管刷检物姬氏染色检查 2 85例肺部疾病患者 ,共查到 7例卡氏肺孢子虫包囊阳性者 ,阳性率为 2 4 6 % (7/2 85) ;应用改良抗酸染色法及碘液染色法分别对 150例腹泻患者及 12 4 0例健康者进行检查 ,腹泻患者的隐孢子虫感染率为 0 6 7% (1/ 150 ) ,健康人群兰氏贾第鞭毛虫的感染率为 3 0 6 % (38/12 4 0 )。
The circular antibodies of Toxoplasma gondii were detected in 916 sera from gestation women and 500 sera from blood donors by Dot-ELISA.The positive rates were 5 68% and 6 40% respectively. 285 unconfirmed patients have been detected by bronchoscopy.The specimens that were brushed off from brouchial mucous membrance were stained with Giemsa.The cysts of Pneumocystis carinii were found in 7 specimens.The positive rate was 2 46%(7/285).Faecal specimens from 150 diarrhoetic patients and from 1 240 healthy persons were examined by modified acid-fast staining method and iodine direct smear method.The result showed that the infection rate of Cryptosporiduim was 0 67%(1/150)in diarrhoetic patients and Giardia lamblia was 3 06%(38/ 1 240 )in healthy persons.

关键词(KeyWords): 弓形虫属;卡氏肺囊虫;隐孢子虫属;兰伯贾第虫;斑点酶联免疫吸附试验
toroplosma;pneumltystis carinii;cryptosporidium;giardia lamblia;Dot-ELISA

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作者(Author): 陈艳,郎书源,李建华,裘学丽
Chen Yan,et al Department of parasitology,Guiyang Medical College

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