贵州医科大学学报

2019, v.44;No.231(12) 1430-1433

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贵阳市居民对健康城市建设满意率及需求分析
Analysis on the Satisfaction Rate and Demand of Residents about Healthy City Construction in Guiyang

刘海燕;汪俊华;汪小斌;唐梅;
LIU Haiyan;WANG Junhua;WANG Xiaobin;TANG Mei;School of Public Health, the Key Laboratory of Environmental Pollution Monitoring and Disease Control of Ministry of Education, Guizhou Medical University;Zunyi Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital;

摘要(Abstract):

目的:了解和分析贵阳市居民对健康城市建设的满意率及需求。方法:采用分层随机抽样方法,运用自制电子问卷对贵阳市3 164名居民进行调查,内容涉及6大类17项指标,分析各单项指标的满意率及总满意率,调查居民对建设健康城市的需求和存在的问题。结果:被调查人群对健康城市建设的总满意率为84.4%,对城市管理类满意率最高(89.2%),对交通管理类满意率最低(78.8%),差异有统计学意义(χ~2=431.699,P<0.001);居民对不同类别指标的单项满意率不同,差异有统计学意义(χ~2=1 099.266,P<0.001),满意率较高的为园林绿化、城市规划及文化建设,分别为92.8%、90.9%及90.7%,满意率较低的为交通状况、食品安全及居民素养,分别为73.9%、76.6%及78.4%;居民最期望改善的方面为社会文明程度(72.5%)、居住环境(71.5%)及食品卫生(71.2%);调查对象认为贵阳市健康城市建设下一步需要加强的最主要问题是"食品安全卫生"(44.7%)。结论:居民对贵阳市健康城市建设的多个方面满意率较高,但也期望进一步改善交通、食品安全及居住环境,提高居民素养。
Objective: To investigate and analyze the satisfaction rate and demand of the residents for healthy city construction in Guiyang,China. Methods: Stratified random sampling method was adopted to investigate the satisfaction rate and demand of 3,164 residents in the healthy city construction of Guiyang with self-designed electronic questionnaires, and the difference of residents' satisfaction rate was compared with χ~2 test. Results: The total satisfaction rate of Guiyang residents for healthy city construction was 84.4%. They had the highest satisfaction rate for urban management(89.2%) and the lowest satisfaction rate for traffic management(78.8%), and the difference was statistically significant(χ~2=431.699,P<0.001). Among them, higher satisfaction rates came to landscaping, urban planning and cultural construction(92.8%, 90.9% and 90.7%). Traffic conditions, food safety and residents' literacy were 73.9%, 76.6% and 78.4%,with statistically significant differences(χ~2=1 099.266,P<0.001). The aspects that residents most expected to improve included improvement of social civilization(72.5%), improvement of living environment(71.5%) and greater confidence in food hygiene(71.2%). According to the respondents, " food safety and hygiene" was the most important issue to be strengthened in the next step of healthy city construction in Guiyang(44.7%). Conclusion: In the construction of healthy city of Guiyang, lower satisfaction rates of the residents point to the transportation, food safety, living environment and residents' quality, and these are the expectation of improvement and their greater demand.

关键词(KeyWords): 贵阳市;居民;健康城市;满意率;改善;需求
Guiyang;residents;healthy city construction;satisfaction rate;improvement;demand

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基金项目(Foundation): 贵阳市健康城市建设理论研究及业务培训项目[GYZXYG-2017-12-635-GY-G公(C99)]

作者(Author): 刘海燕;汪俊华;汪小斌;唐梅;
LIU Haiyan;WANG Junhua;WANG Xiaobin;TANG Mei;School of Public Health, the Key Laboratory of Environmental Pollution Monitoring and Disease Control of Ministry of Education, Guizhou Medical University;Zunyi Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital;

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DOI: 10.19367/j.cnki.1000-2707.2019.12.012

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