贵州医科大学学报

1988, (01) 54-57

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小儿中枢神经系统肿瘤71例病理分析
PATHOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF 71 CASES WITH TUMORS OF CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM IN INFANT AND CHILD

张向阳;曹序茂;
Dep of pathol Zhang Xiangyang,

摘要(Abstract):

本文分析了1962年至1986年间的71例小儿中枢神经系统肿瘤的病理资料,该病占同期中枢神经系统肿瘤的16.6%。71例中,颅内肿瘤67例,椎管内肿瘤4例。颅内肿瘤中幕上38例,以星形细胞瘤多见,其次为先天性肿瘤。幕下29例以髓母细胞瘤多见,其次为星形细胞瘤。小儿中枢神经系统肿瘤以恶性居多,预后不佳。脑中线是肿瘤的好发区。
This paper reports 71 cases of central nervous system tumors in infants and children, which account for 16.6% of central nervous system tumors as a whole. Of these cases, 67 were located in the cranium while 4 were intraspinal. Among the intraceranial tumors, 38 were supratentorial, in which astrocytoma was most common seen and congenital tumor was the next, The other 29 were infratentorial. Among them medulloblastoma was the commonest one, and astrocytoma the next. Among the tumors of the central nervous system in infants and children the malignant ones are more common than benign ones. The medial zone of the brain was the site predisposing diseases.

关键词(KeyWords): 中枢神经系统疾病;脑肿瘤;脊髓肿瘤;星形细胞瘤;颅咽管瘤;恶性畸胎瘤
Central nervous system diseases Brain neoplasms Spinal cord neoplasms Astrocytoma Craniopharyngiona Dysembryorna

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作者(Author): 张向阳;曹序茂;
Dep of pathol Zhang Xiangyang,

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DOI: 10.19367/j.cnki.1000-2707.1988.01.016

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