贵州医科大学学报

2018, v.43;No.214(07) 785-789+793

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遵义市中学生生活质量与同伴自我表露的相关性
Relevance Study on Life Quality and Peer Self-Disclosure of Middle School Students in Zunyi City

胡学勤;王燕;曹俊;聂胜楠;庹安写;
HU Xueqin;WANG Yan;CAO Jun;NIE Shengnan;TUO Anxie;Teaching Division of Maternal and Child Health,Guizhou Medical University;Teaching Division of Applied Psychology,Guizhou Medical University;

摘要(Abstract):

目的:描述遵义地区中学生生活质量、同伴自我表露的现状,探讨生活质量与同伴自我表露之间的相关性。方法:采用儿童青少年生活质量量表(包括13个维度)对遵义地区1 640名中学生的生活质量现状进行问卷调查,采用青少年与同伴自我表露问卷(包括7个维度)对中学生同伴自我表露现状进行问卷调查,比较被调查者的生活质量、同伴自我表露在人口学特征上的差异;并用pearson相关性检验与回归分析中学生生活质量与自我表露的相关性。结果:女中学生的社会心理功能、生理心理健康、生活环境、生活质量满意度及生活质量总分、身体发育、亲子关系的同伴自我表露总分和各维度得分高于男中学生,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);农村户籍中学生的社会心理功能、生活环境及生活质量总分高于不是农村户籍的中学生,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);在同学关系方面,中学生关系好的社会心理功能、生理心理健康、生活环境、生活质量满意度、生活质量总分、同伴自我表露总分及各维度得分均高于同学关系一般和关系差的,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);家庭收入高的中学生的社会心理功能、生理心理健康、生活环境、生活质量满意度及生活质量总分高于家庭收入一般的和收入差的中学生,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);中学生的社会心理功能与学校经历、亲子关系、亲密友谊、自我表露存在正相关,生理心理健康与学习情况、亲子关系、亲密友谊、自我表露存在正相关,生活环境与观点态度、自我表露存在正相关,生活质量满意度与学习情况、亲子关系存在相关性,生活质量总分与自我表露存在正相关。结论:中学生的生活质量越高,同伴自我表露水平也越高。
Objective: To investigate life quality and peer self-disclosure status quo of middle school students in Zunyi and the relevance between the two. Methods: Adopting Child and Teenager Life Quality Scale( including 13 aspects) to conduct a survey on the life quality of 1640 middle school students,and Teenager and Peer Self-Disclosure questionnaire( including 7 aspects) to conduct survey on status quo of peer self-disclosure of middle school students; comparing the demographic differences of respondent's life quality and peer self-disclosure; adopting Pearson relevance test and Regression Analysis to analyze relevance of life quality and peer self-disclosure of middle school students.Results: Following peer self-disclosure total scores of female middle school students were higher than those of male students: psychosocial function,physiological and psychological health,living environment,life quality satisfaction and life quality total scores,physical development,parent-child relationship,differences were statistically significant( P < 0. 05); psychosocial function,living environment and life quality total scores of rural household middle school students were higher than those non-rural household ones,differences were statistically significant( P < 0. 05); concerning classmates relationship,those hold better relationship scored higher than those with common relationship or bad relationship in following aspects: psychosocial function,physiological and psychological health,living environment,life quality satisfaction and life quality,differences were statistically significant( P < 0. 05);students from higher household income scored higher than those from medium and bad income families in the following aspects: psychosocial function,physiological and psychological health,living environment,life quality satisfaction and life quality,differences were statistically significant( P < 0. 05).Psychosocial function is positively correlated with school experience,parent-child relationship,intimate friendship and self-disclosure; Physiological and psychological health is positively correlated with study condition,parent-child relationship,intimate friendship and self-disclosure; living environment is positively correlated with opinion and self-disclosure; life quality satisfaction is relevant with study condition and parent-child relationship; life quality satisfaction total score is positively correlated with self-disclosure. Conclusion: The better the life quality is,the higher the peer self-disclosure level is.

关键词(KeyWords): 中学生;生活质量;自我表露;同伴;相关性;现状
middle school students;quality of life;self-disclosure;peer;relevance;present status

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基金项目(Foundation): 贵州省科技厅基金[黔科合J字(2013)2048号]

作者(Author): 胡学勤;王燕;曹俊;聂胜楠;庹安写;
HU Xueqin;WANG Yan;CAO Jun;NIE Shengnan;TUO Anxie;Teaching Division of Maternal and Child Health,Guizhou Medical University;Teaching Division of Applied Psychology,Guizhou Medical University;

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