贵州医科大学学报

1988, (02) 310-312

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贵州省24134名高校考生近视统计分析
STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF MYOPIA MORBIDITY IN 24134 STUDENTS ATTENDING COLLEGE ENTRANCE EXAMINATION IN GUIZHOU IN 1986

胡绍先;
Hu Shaoxian Department of Ophthalmology

摘要(Abstract):

本文统计贵州省1986年普通高等学校24134名考生的近视眼发病率,其中16~18岁的占97.5%。结果表明:近视眼的发病率为44.84%;—6D 以下的中低度近视占96.86%;近视眼的发病有显著的性别差异、民族差异和地区差异(P<0.01)。
Myopia morbidity in 24134 students attending college entrance examination in Guizhou in 1986 was investigated.The students aged 16-18 years account for 97.5%.The result shows that incidence of myopia morbidity is 44.84%.Those who are less than -6D account for 96.8% of the total myopia cases.There is a significant difference between the male and the female,54.53% in boys and 40.8% in girls(p<0.01).A significant difference also exists amony all the nationalities,48.75% in Han,42.17%.in Dong,39.16% in miao,38.47% in Buyiand 37.59% in Tujia respectively(P<0.01).The data come to a conclu- sion that myopia morbidities have significant differences in sex,nationalities, and areas.

关键词(KeyWords): 近视眼;;学生;;贵州
Myopia;;morbidity;;Student;;Guizhou

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作者(Author): 胡绍先;
Hu Shaoxian Department of Ophthalmology

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