贵州医科大学学报

2020, v.45;No.243(12) 1406-1411

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贵阳市云岩区免疫接种儿童父母乙肝防治知识、态度及行为的现状调查
The Status of Knowledge,Attitude,and Behavior of Hepatitis B among Parents of Immunized Children in Yunyan District of Guiyang

王雯;余鸿禹;李秀玲;汪俊华;潘春柳;
WANG Wen;YU Hongyu;LI Xiuling;WANG Junhua;PAN Chunliu;Yunyan District Center for Disease Control and Prevention;Longguang Town Central Health Center;School of Public Health & the key Laboratory of Environmental Pollution Monitoring and Disease Control of Ministry of Education,Guizhou Medical University;Guiyang Center for Disease Control and Prevention;

摘要(Abstract):

目的:研究贵阳市云岩区免疫接种儿童父母乙肝防治知识-态度-行为(KAP)的现状及影响因素。方法:采用多阶段分层整群抽样的方法,抽取贵阳市云岩区12个预防接种点,对所抽到的接种点内免疫接种儿童父母进行问卷调查,统计参与者的基本情况和对乙肝防治KAP的现状;对不同人口学特征人群的乙肝防治KAP调查情况进行对比,并对乙肝防治KAP总体水平进行单因素及多因素Logistic回归分析。结果:调查对象乙肝防治知识、态度、行为分别在不同的人口社会学特征人群组间比较,差异有统计学意义(P <0. 05);单因素χ~2分析显示,乙肝防治KAP总体水平在地理位置(χ~2=32. 948)、受教育程度(χ~2=119. 991)、职业(χ~2=78. 68)、家庭月总收入(χ~2=55. 467)以及乙肝知识教育情况(χ~2=77. 322)组间比较,差异均有统计学意义(P <0. 05);乙肝防治KAP评分多因素Logistic回归分析显示,KAP低评分与公务、事业单位人员(OR=0. 082)、工人(OR=0. 057)、个体(OR=0. 051)、公司职员(OR=0. 061)、全职妈妈(OR=0. 055)以及其他职业(OR=0. 055)成正相关(P <0. 05),与中专/技校、高中(OR=1. 888)、大专及以上(OR=4. 162)、月收入2 000以上(OR=3. 102)以及获得乙肝知识教育(OR=2. 917)成负相关(P <0. 05)。结论:云岩区免疫接种儿童父母的KAP总体水平偏低,应围绕影响因素有针对性的采取措施,提高人群对乙肝防治的认知水平。
Objective: To investigate the status of knowledge-attitude-behavior( KAP) prevention and treatment of hepatitis B virus( HBV) among parents of immunized children in Yunyan District,Guiyang,China,and to observe its influential factors. Methods: Twelve vaccination sites were selected from Yunyan District,Guiyang,Guizhou by multistage stratified cluster sampling. The questionnaire survey of the subjects was applied. Chi square test and Logistic regression were used for statistical analysis of the status of the provention and treatment of HBV. Results: There was positive correlation between low KAP scores and certain factors. These factors included civil servants( OR =0. 082),workmen( OR = 0. 057),individual businessmen( OR = 0. 051),clerks( OR = 0. 061),stay-athome women( OR = 0. 055),and people of other occupations( OR = 0. 055). There was negative correlation between low KAP scores and certain factors. These factors referred to people with vocational education( OR = 1. 888),people with high school education( OR = 4. 162),people with family income more than 2 000 yuan( OR = 3. 102),and people with knowledge about HBV( OR = 2. 917).Conclusion: The KAP level of parents of immunized children in Yunyan District is rather low. The targeted measures should be taken to improve the KAP scores of HBV.

关键词(KeyWords): 肝炎病毒,乙型;儿童;职业;免疫接种;父母;知识-态度-行为;贵阳
hepatitis B virus(HBV);child;occupations;immunization prevention;parents;knowledge-attitude-practice(KAP);guiyang

Abstract:

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基金项目(Foundation): 中国肝炎防治基金会中国乙肝防控科研基金(YGFK20180022)

作者(Author): 王雯;余鸿禹;李秀玲;汪俊华;潘春柳;
WANG Wen;YU Hongyu;LI Xiuling;WANG Junhua;PAN Chunliu;Yunyan District Center for Disease Control and Prevention;Longguang Town Central Health Center;School of Public Health & the key Laboratory of Environmental Pollution Monitoring and Disease Control of Ministry of Education,Guizhou Medical University;Guiyang Center for Disease Control and Prevention;

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DOI: 10.19367/j.cnki.2096-8388.2020.12.008

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