贵州医科大学学报

1985, (01) 54-57

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511例新生儿生理常数测量分析
Analysis of the Measurement of Physiological Constant in 511 Newborn Babies

涂世荣;
Guiyang Medical College Affiliated hospital Childcare group

摘要(Abstract):

<正> 为了解我市近年来新生儿体格发育情况,摸索其生长发育的规律,为我市儿童保健和儿科临床与教学工作提供较可靠的科学依据,我们于1980年2月~1981年4月在本院妇产科的大力协助下对在我院出生的足月健康新生儿(妊娠期37~42周,除外早产、双胎、过期产、难产及有疾病者)共511例(男262例,女249例),随机抽样进行全身健康检查,包括体格发育五项指标:体重、身长、坐高、头围、胸围的测量,及一般状态、皮肤粘膜、呼吸、心率、心肺听诊、肝、脾触诊某项检查,本文谨
We measured 511 normal fullterm healthy newborn babies from Feb. 1980 to Apr. 1981. There were 262 boys and 249 girls. The measurements were performed using a standardized neonatal steelyard, measuring board and tape measure according to the national childcare regulations. The five indexes mea- sured were. body weight, body height, sitting height, circumference of head and chest. In consequence, the ratio of the body weight and body height is regular, but the developmental index is lower than that of the results reve- aled by a study of 9 provinces and cities in 1975. The lower middle and lower range contained about 1/3 of the 511 cases. Except for the circumference of the head, the other four indexes are all lower than the standardized ones, especially the circumference of the chest in girls which is only 49.40%, that isabout half of the total. This indicates that perinatal and neonatal care are most important factors in childcare in our province.

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作者(Author): 涂世荣;
Guiyang Medical College Affiliated hospital Childcare group

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DOI: 10.19367/j.cnki.1000-2707.1985.01.017

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