贵州医科大学学报

2018, v.43;No.208(01) 25-29

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遵义市受艾滋病影响中学生同伴自我表露现状分析
Study of Peers' Self-disclosure among Middle School Students Affected by AIDS

胡学勤;庹安写;严征;王燕;曹俊;聂胜楠;
HU Xueqin;DUO Anxie;YAN Zheng;WANG Yan;CAO Jun;NIE Shengnan;Teaching and Research Section of Maternal,Child and Adolescent Health,Guizhou Medical University;Teaching and Research Section of Health Statistics,Guizhou Medical University;

摘要(Abstract):

目的:了解遵义地区受艾滋病(AIDS)影响中学生同伴自我表露的现状。方法:采用青少年与同伴自我表露问卷对遵义地区232名受艾滋病影响中学生和1 640名未受艾滋病影响中学生进行问卷调查,问卷共包括亲子关系、身体发育、兴趣爱好、亲密友谊、学习情况、学校经历和观点态度7个维度;统计受艾滋病影响中学生与未受艾滋病影响中学生同伴自我表露得分,分析受艾滋病影响中学生同伴自我表露的人口学特征和表露对象的差异,并运用logistic回归法对受艾滋病影响中学生同伴自我表露的影响因素进行分析。结果:受艾滋病影响中学生在兴趣爱好、学习情况、学校经历、观点态度、身体发育、亲子关系、亲密友谊、自我表露总分及各个维度得分均低于未受艾滋病影响中学生,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);不同性别受艾滋病影响中学生在学校经历、观点态度、亲子关系和亲密友谊维度上差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),女生得分高于男生;在年级上,初一自我表露水平最低,高二自我表露水平最高,初一到高三6个年级自我表露水平比较差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05);在是否住校兴趣爱好、学习情况、亲子关系差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),在亲子关系维度上男女均最高;男女对最要好的同性朋友的表露得分均高于最要好的异性朋友和普通朋友,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05);多因素结果显示,民族、年级、是否住校是影响自我表露的主要因素。结论:受艾滋病影响中学生的自我表露水平偏低,女生自我表露水平高于男生,性别、年级、民族、疾病等因素都对同伴自我表露水平有一定影响。
Objective: To study of peers' self-disclosure among middle school students affected by AIDS in Zunyi city China. Methods: Questionnaire surveys were conducted among 232 middle school students affected by AIDS and 1640 middle school not affected by the HIV/AIDS by using peers' selfdisclosure scale for Chinese adolescents in Zunyi city of Guizhou province,China. The Peers' self-disclosure scale included parent-child relationship,physical development,tastes and interests,close friendship,academic-performance,experience-in-school,academic-performance,attitudes and opinion. Results: There was significant difference in the level of 7 dimensions among students influenced by AIDS,and the effect was lower than that among middle school students without influence from AIDS in above mentioned dimensions. The difference was statistically significant in the dimensions of parental relationship and close friendship between different genders affected by AIDS. The female' s scoring was higher than the male's. The scores of both men and women ranked the highest on the dimension of parent-child relationship( P < 0. 01). On the grade,the first level of self-disclosure of the lowest,There is a statistical significance in the relationship between the parents and the students in the study( P <0. 05). There was a statistically significant difference in self-disclosure level between the first and third grade of grade 3( P < 0. 05). There is a significant difference between the parent-child relationship( P< 0. 05). Men and women of the best gay friends score were higher than best heterosexual friends and friends( P < 0. 05). multivariate analysis showed that the effective factors are gender,grade,whether in residence. Conclusion: The companion' s self-disclosure level showed to be lower in middle school students affected by AIDS of Zunyi,Female,ethnic Han had more advantages for the companion's selfdisclosure,Factors such as gender,grade,nation,disease of companion self-disclosure level has a certain influence.

关键词(KeyWords): 艾滋病;中学生;自我表露;同伴;影响因素
acquired immune deficiency syndrome;middle school students;self-disclosure;peers;influencing factors

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基金项目(Foundation): 贵州省科技厅基金[黔科合J字(2013)2048号]

作者(Author): 胡学勤;庹安写;严征;王燕;曹俊;聂胜楠;
HU Xueqin;DUO Anxie;YAN Zheng;WANG Yan;CAO Jun;NIE Shengnan;Teaching and Research Section of Maternal,Child and Adolescent Health,Guizhou Medical University;Teaching and Research Section of Health Statistics,Guizhou Medical University;

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