贵州医科大学学报

2020, v.45;No.243(12) 1401-1405

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贵州部分中学生心理虐待和攻击性行为的相关分析
Correlation Analysis of Psychological Abuse and Aggressive Behavior among Middle School and High School Students in Guizhou Province

秦倩;李兵;陈明炫;万英;李毅;庹安写;
QIN Qian;LI Bing;CHEN Mingxuan;WAN Ying;LI Yi;TUO Anxie;College of Medical Humanities,Guizhou Medical University;College of Foreign Languages,Guizhou University;

摘要(Abstract):

目的:探讨中学生心理虐待与攻击性行为的现状及关系。方法:采用问卷法,对贵州省5个地区10所中学2 303名中学生的心理虐待、攻击性行为现状进行调查,分析中学生心理虐待和攻击性行为在性别和学段上的差异,并研究中学生心理虐待与攻击性行为的相关关系。结果:中学生心理虐待与攻击性行为得分分别为(1. 00±0. 65)分、(2. 56±0. 69)分;心理虐待不存在性别(t=1. 79,P> 0. 05)和学段(t=1. 26,P> 0. 05)差异,在攻击性行为上男生高于女生、高中学生高于初中学生(P <0. 05);被调查中学生的心理虐待与攻击性行为之间有正相关(P <0. 05);典型相关分析得出3对具有统计学意义的典型变量,典型相关系数分别为0. 455、0. 156、0. 091(P <0. 05),典型变量主要反映了恐吓、纵容与替代攻击、身体攻击与愤怒之间有正相关(P <0. 05)。结论:此次调查的中学生心理虐待与攻击性行为具有相关性,应重视改善中学生心理虐待问题,减少中学生的攻击性行为、提高中学生心理健康水平。
Objective: To explore the current situation and correlation between psychological abuse and aggressive behavior of middle and high school students. Methods: The psychological abuse and aggressive behavior were investigated on 2 303 students in 10 middle and high schools in 5 regions of Guizhou province by using a questionnaire method. The differences in psychological abuse and aggressive behavior were analyzed based on gender and school stage. The association of psychological abuse with aggressive behavior were analyzed. Results: The scores of psychological abuse and aggressive behavior of these students in Guizhou province were( 1. 00 ± 0. 65) and( 2. 56 ± 0. 69),respectively. There was no significant difference of psychological abuse scores in gender( t = 1. 79,P > 0. 05) and in school section( t = 1. 26,P > 0. 05). The aggressive behavior scores of boys were higher than those of girls( P < 0. 05). The aggressive behavior scores of high schools were greater than those of middle schools( P < 0. 05). In addition,there was a positive correlation between psychological abuse and aggressive behavior of these students( P < 0. 05). Classical correlation analysis identified 3 pairs of statistically,significantly typical variables,and their correlation coefficients were 0. 455,0. 156,and 0. 091,respectively( P < 0. 05). Identified typical variables reflected positive correlations between intimidation and substitution attack,connivance and physical aggression,intimidation and anger,and their correlation coefficients were statistically significant( P < 0. 05). Conclusion: The psychological abuse is associated with aggressive behavior of middle school and high students in Guizhou. The attention shall be paid to solve psychological abuse of middle and high school students,decrease their aggressive behavior,and improve their mental health.

关键词(KeyWords): 贵州;中学生;心理虐待;攻击性行为;现状;差异;相关
guizhou;middle school and high school students;psychological abuse;aggressive behavior;present situation;difference;correlation

Abstract:

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基金项目(Foundation): 教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地重大项目(2017JJD190003)

作者(Author): 秦倩;李兵;陈明炫;万英;李毅;庹安写;
QIN Qian;LI Bing;CHEN Mingxuan;WAN Ying;LI Yi;TUO Anxie;College of Medical Humanities,Guizhou Medical University;College of Foreign Languages,Guizhou University;

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DOI: 10.19367/j.cnki.2096-8388.2020.12.007

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