贵州医科大学学报

1996, (04)

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自杀危险因素病例-对照研究
A Case-control Study for the Risk Factors of Suicide

喻茂娟,张婷芬
Yu Maojian; et al(Department of Epidemiology, Guiyang Medical College )

摘要(Abstract):

对贵阳市城区1990~1994年104例自杀死亡者进行1:1配对病例一对照研究。结果表明:夫妻关系不和、家庭关系不和、病残、恋爱受挫、违法违纪、学习工作受挫、人际关系紧张、经济困难、性格忧郁孤僻、缺少社会活动等是重要的自杀危险因素;且不同性别及不同年龄段自杀危险因素不同。男性以夫妻关系不和、病残、人际关系紧张等影响较明显;女性以家庭关系不和、夫妻关系不和、病残为主;16~29岁以家庭关系不和,学习工作和恋爱受挫影响最大;30~49岁以夫妻关系不和、病残、违法违纪影响较明显;50岁以上以性格忧郁孤僻、夫妻关系不和、家庭关系不和、人际关系紧张为主。
To search the risk factors for suioide, a people-based 1: 1 matched case control study was conducted 104 of suicide cases from 1990 to 1994 at city proper in Guiyang matched with "healthy" control were questioned. The results showed that the disharmony of the couple relation, the disease or deformity, the frustration in love, the violations of the law or disolpline, the disharmony of the family relation, the frustration in study or work, the financial difficulties, the depressed and isolated disposition, the lack of entertainment etc. were major risk faotors for suioide. According to the sex, the disarmony of the couple relation, the disease or deformity, the tension of the people relationship etc.were significant in male. The disharmony of the family and the couple relaton, the disease or deformity were significant in female. According to the age, the disharmony of the family relation, the frustration in study or work and in love were significant below the age of 30. During the age of 30 to 49 the disharmony of the couple relation, the disease or deformity, the violations of the law or disoipline were significant. The depressed and isolated disposition, the disharmony of the couple and family relation, the tension of the people relationship were significant over the age of 49.

关键词(KeyWords): 自杀,危险因素,病例-对照研究
suicide; risk factors; case control study

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation):

作者(Author): 喻茂娟,张婷芬
Yu Maojian; et al(Department of Epidemiology, Guiyang Medical College )

Email:

DOI: 10.19367/j.cnki.1000-2707.1996.04.009

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