贵州医科大学学报

2019, v.44;No.231(12) 1434-1437+1452

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贵阳市7岁及以上居民体育锻炼现状
Status of Physical Exercise of Residents Aged 7 and over in Guiyang City

朱俊伟;王丹;洪阳;
ZHU Junwei;WANG Dan;HONG Yang;Guizhou Medical University;Guizhou provincial Center For Disease Control and Prevention;Guiyang Health Commission;

摘要(Abstract):

目的:了解贵阳市7岁及以上居民体育锻炼现状。方法:利用2017年贵阳市居民疾病谱调查项目资料,选取68 228名7岁及以上居民,分析体育锻炼参与率、比较不同性别、年龄段及不同职业被调查人群的体育锻炼参与率,了解体育锻炼的运动频率及体育锻炼的形式。结果:贵阳市7岁及以上居民体育锻炼参与率27.5%,男性体育锻炼参与率(26.5%)低于女性(28.5%),差异有统计学意义(χ~2=31.762,P<0.001);体育锻炼参与率在不同生命周期间比较,大小依次为老年期(43.1%)、中年期和少年期(均为28.4%)及青年期(19.4%),差异有统计学意义(χ~2=2 085.153,P<0.001);不同职业体育锻炼人群参与率大小依次为离退休人员(64.3%)、军人和警察(45.5%)、国家公务员(38.1%)、农民(10.9%),差异有统计学意义(χ~2=8 260.070,P<0.001);参加体育锻炼者中运动频率6~7 d/周占46.8%、4~5 d/周占23.1%;居民参与体育锻炼的形式大小依次为慢走(53.4%)、做操/跳广场舞(14.9%)及跑步(14.2%)。结论:贵阳市居民体育锻炼参与率较低,不同性别、年龄及职业人群选择的锻炼方式不同。
Objective: To investigate the physical exercise status of residents aged 7 and above in Guiyang city. Methods: We collected the data from Guiyang residents' disease survey project in 2017 and selected 68 228 residents aged 7 and over to analyze the participation rates of physical exercise and compare gender, age, occupation with the participation rates, the frequency and type of physical exercise. Results: The total participation rate was 27.5%. The male participation rate(26.5%) was significantly lower than that of females(28.5%)(χ~2=31.762,P<0.001). The participation rates decrease by age in the following order: the elderly(43.1%), the middle-aged and adolescents(both 28.4%) and the youth(19.4%)(χ~2=2 085.153,P<0.001). In addition, the occupation affects the participation rates in the way: the retirees(64.3%), soldiers and police(45.5%), national civil servants(38.1%) > the farmers(10.9%)(χ~2=8 260.070,P<0.001). Among these participants, 46.8% of them exercises 6~7 days/week and 23.1% exercises 4~5 days. The forms of physical exercises include slow walking(53.4%), square dancing(14.9%) and running(14.2%). Conclusion: Guiyang residents have a low participation rate in physical exercise. The different gender, age, and occupational groups choose different forms of physical exercises.

关键词(KeyWords): 体育锻炼;体育运动;全民健身;生活方式;现状调查;贵阳市
physical exercise;sports;national fitness;life style;current situation investigation;Guiyang City

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作者(Author): 朱俊伟;王丹;洪阳;
ZHU Junwei;WANG Dan;HONG Yang;Guizhou Medical University;Guizhou provincial Center For Disease Control and Prevention;Guiyang Health Commission;

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DOI: 10.19367/j.cnki.1000-2707.2019.12.013

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