贵州医科大学学报

2018, v.43;No.210(03) 299-304

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贵阳市老年人体育锻炼与健康自评的相关性
Correlation between Physical Exercise and Self-rated Health among the Elderly Adults in Guiyang

李芳;王秀红;汪俊华;蒋芝月;邓开盛;傅洪梅;张婕;
LI Fang;WANG Xiuhong;WANG Junhua;JIANG Zhiyue;DENG Kaisheng;FU Hongmei;ZHANG Jie;Nursing School,Guizhou Medical University;Public Health School,Guizhou Medical University;Infectious Disease Department,the Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University;

摘要(Abstract):

目的:探讨贵阳市老年人体育锻炼与健康自评(SRH)的相关性。方法:通过多阶段分层随机抽样的方法,采用自行设计的问卷对贵阳市的1 905例老年人进行问卷调查,内容包括一般资料(年龄、性别、民族、文化程度、宗教信仰、婚姻状况、月收入、家庭经济状况、经医生明确诊断的慢性病、体检情况及日常生活活动能力等)、体育锻炼情况(是否参加体育锻炼、体育锻炼的频率、每次锻炼的时间、项目、已锻炼年数等)及SRH情况("好"、"一般"及"差")。结果:1 905例老年人体育锻炼参加率为69.7%,体育锻炼项目主要以散步(80.3%)为主,且87.7%的老年人仅有一种锻炼项目,1 905例老年人SRH"好"者857例(45.0%)、"一般"者762例(40.0%)、"差"者286例(15.0%);采用多分类Logistic回归分析,在控制年龄、性别、婚姻状况、宗教信仰、文化程度、月收入、家庭经济状况、健康体检情况、医疗服务满意度、患慢性病数量、日常生活活动能力等因素后,是否参加体育锻炼、每周锻炼频率可影响老年人的SRH(P<0.05)。结论:体育锻炼与SRH密切相关,参加体育锻炼有助于提高老年人的SRH,对实现健康老龄化至关重要。
Objective: To investigate the correlation between physical exercise and self-rated health( SRH) among the elderly adults in Guiyang. Methods: A survey was conducted with self-designed questionnaire by using application of multistage stratified random sampling method among totally 1905 elderly adults in Guiyang city,Guizhou Province. The survey contents included general information( age,sex,nationality,education degree,religion,marriage,income monthly,family economic status,confirmed chronic disease,medical condition and activity of daily living etc.),physical exercise status( do or not take part in physical exercise,exercise frequency,exercise time,exercise items,and number of exercised years etc.),and SRH status( rated as " good ", " average ",or " poor ").Results: Among these aged people,the participation rate of physical exercise was 67. 9% and the main item was stroll( 80. 3%),and this was the only exercise item for 87. 7% of aged people. In regard of SRH,857 evaluated as " good"( 45. 0%),762 as " average"( 40. 0%),and 286 as " poor"( 15. 0%). Multinomial logistic regression analysis showed that physical exercise and its frequency weekly had an impact on SRH( P < 0. 05) when other factors were controlled. Conclusions: There is a close correlation between physical exercise and SRH in elderly adults. Physical exercise can help to improve SRH,which is crucial to realize a healthy aging prospect.

关键词(KeyWords): 老年人;身体锻炼;体育运动;问卷调查;自我评价;回归分析;健康状况;贵阳
elderly adults;physical exercise;athletic sports;questionnaire survey;self-rated health;regression analysis;health status;Guiyang

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基金项目(Foundation): 贵阳市科技计划项目[(20161001)017号]

作者(Author): 李芳;王秀红;汪俊华;蒋芝月;邓开盛;傅洪梅;张婕;
LI Fang;WANG Xiuhong;WANG Junhua;JIANG Zhiyue;DENG Kaisheng;FU Hongmei;ZHANG Jie;Nursing School,Guizhou Medical University;Public Health School,Guizhou Medical University;Infectious Disease Department,the Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University;

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DOI: 10.19367/j.cnki.1000-2707.2018.03.011

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