贵州医科大学学报

1994, (03)

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节育器Norplant-2和LNG-IUD临床使用的比较研究
A Comparative Study between Levonorgestrel-Releasing Intrauterine Derice and Norplant-2 Implants

辛丽梅
Xin Limei(Guizhou Research and Technical Guiding Institute of Family Planning)

摘要(Abstract):

随机放置女性节育器Norplant-2或释放孕激素的宫内节育器LNG-IUD各100例观察3年,仅一例使用LN0-IUD者妊娠。LNG-IUD累积脱落率为4.0/每百妇女。Norplant-2与LNG-IUD不规则出血停用率分别为26.8/每百妇女年和3.3/每百妇女(P<0.001)。续用率分别为69/每百妇女和75/每百妇女。放置后第三年Norplant-2组平均体重较放置前增加1.4kg(P<0.001)。副作用以不规则出血为主,LNG-IUD组以闭经为主,但副作用随使用时间的延长有所减轻。本文结果显示,我国妇女对LNG-IUD引起的闭经比Norplant-2引起的经期延长似更易接受,大多数妇女对所用节育器感到满意。
A randomed comparative study of Levonorgestrel-releasing Intrauterine Derice(LNG-IUD) and Norplant-2 implants was respectively carried out respectively in 100 women of 20-39 years of age for 36 months.Only one pregnancy occurred in users of LNG-IUD.Expulsion rate with LNG-IUD was 4.0 per 100 women.The discontinuation rate for irregular bleeding with Norplant-2 and LNG-IUD was 26.8% and 3.3%. Continuation rate in two groups was 69% and 75% respectively.The average body weight was increased 1.4kg in the Norplant-2 group.The major side-effect in the application of Norplant-2 was irregular bleeding,and of LNG-IUD was amenorrhea.But it had a trend toward improvement with continued use in both of the two groups.The results suggested that amenorrhea in the application of LNG-IUD is easier tolerated by the acceptors than prolongea bleeding and spotting resulted in Norplant-2.Most of subjects had the satisfaction with the method used by themselves.

关键词(KeyWords): 计划生育,宫内避孕器,避孕
family planning;intrauterine devices;contraception,immunologic

Abstract:

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作者(Author): 辛丽梅
Xin Limei(Guizhou Research and Technical Guiding Institute of Family Planning)

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DOI: 10.19367/j.cnki.1000-2707.1994.03.004

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