贵州医科大学学报

1980, (02) 29-34

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巴拉巴按蚊实验室发育繁殖规律
THE DEVELOPMENT AND REPRODUCTION OF ALABORATORY COLONY OF ANOPHELES BALABACENSIS BAISAS,1936

王菊生;王宝麟;
Wang Chu-sheng;Wang Bao--lin Department of Parasitology

摘要(Abstract):

本文报告在室温27°±1.34℃,相对湿度86±2。56%,混合光照12-14小时的实验条件下,巴拉巴按蚊实验蚊株的发育和繁殖,结果如下: 1、发育时间(平均值,天):卵5.70±1.65,幼虫8.63±1.46,蛹2.16±0.29。成虫前期,雌性11.24±1.73、雄性10.75±1.68,整个发育过程15.25±2.86。 2、存活(平均值):成虫前各期存活率(%),卵67.82±21.39、幼虫78.47±19.62、蛹79.89±12.35。成蚊寿命(自雌蚊交配后计,天)雌性最高50,平均25.63±1.82;雄性最高24,平均13.56±5.10天。 3、生殖(平均值):交配雌蚊第1次产卵日龄2.94±0.33,最未次日龄28.72±2.86,最高产卵高峰日龄19.2±6.84,一生中总产卵日期26.25±2.48天,共产13.71±9.34次,每蚊产卵数296.60±24.84个。雌蚊逐日产卵呈不规则的曲线,最高峰趋近于生殖的末期。
A laboratory colony of Anopheles balabacensis Baisas, 1936 from Hainan Island in China, has been maintained over a period of 3 years, in Guiyang Medical College, through 54 generations. At 27°±1. 34° C, 86±2. 56% RH and with 12-14 hr illumination of a combination of natural and fluore- scent light, the developmental and reproductive date are as follows, Developomental time (mean. days): Egg 5. 70 ±1. 65. Larva 8. 63±1. 46, Pupa 2. 16±0. 29, Total pre-adult11. 24±1. 73,10. 75±1. 68. Total deve- lopment 15. 25±2. 86. Survival: Egg(% hatching) 67. 8±21. 39. Larva (% pupating)78. 47±19. 62, Pupa (% emerging) 79. 89±12. 35, Adult (longevity in days25. 63± 1.82, maximum 50, 13. 56±5. 10, maximum 24. Reproduction. 1st reproductive age (days) 2. 94 ±0. 33, age of maximum reproduetive effort (days) 19. 2±6. 84. Total reproductive period (days) 26. 25±2. 48. Last reproductive age (days) 28. 72±2. 86. Total number of eggs/ replicate 13. 71±9. 34. Average number of eggs/296. 6±24. 84, The characteristics of development and reproduction was discussed.

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作者(Author): 王菊生;王宝麟;
Wang Chu-sheng;Wang Bao--lin Department of Parasitology

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DOI: 10.19367/j.cnki.1000-2707.1980.02.010

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