贵州医科大学学报

1985, (02) 130-133

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经济状况差异对个性影响的初步探讨
A Preliminary Approach to the Influence of Different Economic Conditions one Individuals

车泽芳;张迪然;
Che Zefang Zhang Diran

摘要(Abstract):

<正> 一个人个性的形成和他所处社会经济地位、周围环境、社会历史文化都有关系。为了探索经济状况差异对个性的影响,我们对90名(男、女)正常大学生(不同经济情况)进行了MMPI测查,现将测查情况报告如下: 一、测查方法:我组采用宋维真等于1980第3期中华神经精神科杂志发表的“明尼苏达多相个性调查表在我国部分地区试用的报告”一文中卡片形式进行,其中仅就临床9个量表进行比较,即HS(疑病症)、D(抑郁症)、HY(癔病)、Pd(精神病态)、Pa(妾想狂)、Pt(精神衰弱)、Sc(精神分裂症)、Ma(轻躁狂)、Si(社会内向)。因例数有限
The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) was carried out on 90 healthy college students (including males and females) in order to probe the influence of different economic conditions on individual personality. The subjects were assigned into three groups : those with a good income were allo- cated in group A; those with a general income in group B; and those with a poor income in group C. The results were as follows: In group A and B the primitive fractions of Pa (Paranoia) , Pt (Psychasthesnia) and Sc (Schi- zophrenia) by t test showed a remarkable difference (P<0.05) while those of pt in group Band C showed a significant difference (P<0.05). It was shown that different economic conditions might have a certain influence on individuals. It was also found that the probability value of Pt fractions both in A, B and B, C confronted groups had a significant difference. We believe that the subjects with poor economic conditions were more worried and paid more attention to their income than those who were well-to-do.

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作者(Author): 车泽芳;张迪然;
Che Zefang Zhang Diran

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