贵州医科大学学报

2014, v.39;No.169(04) 518-521+525

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914例6~16岁农村儿童行为问题现况调查
A Cross-sectional Study on Behavior Problems of 914 Rural Children from 6 to 16 Years Old

王凤;朱焱;石德惠;肖红;谢金村;
WANG Feng;ZHU Yan;SHI Dehui;XIAO Hong;XIE Jincun;Teaching Division of Medical Psychology,Guiyang Medical University;

摘要(Abstract):

目的:了解农村地区儿童行为问题现况及影响因素,为农村儿童行为的早期干预提供依据。方法:采用分层随机抽样的方法抽取贵州省黔西县定新乡4所小学和1所中学914例儿童为调查对象,应用Achenbach儿童行为量表(CBCL)中国标准化版家长用表进行儿童行为问题调查。结果:儿童行为问题检出率为30.85%,6~11岁与12~16岁2个年龄段儿童行为问题检出率差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);母亲受教育程度、母亲性格是否开朗、婚姻关系是否融洽、是否了解孩子、孩子是否长时间看电视、孩子性格、对孩子学习状况是否满意、是否积极参加家长会与行为问题有关(P<0.05);不同年龄段留守与非留守儿童行为问题表现不同,12~16岁留守儿童与非留守儿童行为检出率差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论:农村儿童心理行为问题与家庭环境、家长对待孩子态度及教育方式等有关,关注农村青春期儿童及留守儿童心理行为卫生状况并予以早期干预措施是降低农村儿童行为问题工作重点。
Objective: To investigate the current status and cause of behavior problems of children in rural areas so as to provide supporting evidence for early intervention. Methods: Selecting 914 children from four primary schools and one secondary school in Xinxiang Village,Qianxi County of Guizhou Province by stratified random sampling method,and adopting Chinese Parents standardized version of Achenbach Child Behavioral Check List( CBCL) to carry out investigation. Results: The detectable rate of behavioral problems was 30. 85%. There was statistical significance for the rate difference of behavioral problems in age groups 6 ~ 11 and 12 ~ 16. It was found out following factors such as mother's education history,mother's personality,harmonious marriage,degree of knowing their children,amount of time children watching TV,children's personality,parents' satisfaction level with children's study and their participation in parents' meetings,had relations with behavioral problems of children(P < 0. 05). Different behavioral problems were also detected in stay-at-home and non-stayat-home children of different age groups,detectable rate differences of stay-at-home and non-stay-athome children in the age group of 12 ~ 16 had statistical significance(P < 0. 05). Conclusions: Mental behavior problems of rural children take heavy influence from home circumstances,parents' attitudes and parenting. The key to reduce the behavior problems of rural children is to care about the psychological behaviors of rural adolescents and stay-at-home children in order to take early interventions.

关键词(KeyWords): 行为问题;农村;儿童;家庭;母亲
behavior problem;rural area;children;family;mother

Abstract:

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基金项目(Foundation): 贵州省教育厅高校人文社会科学研究项目(F2008-2012)

作者(Author): 王凤;朱焱;石德惠;肖红;谢金村;
WANG Feng;ZHU Yan;SHI Dehui;XIAO Hong;XIE Jincun;Teaching Division of Medical Psychology,Guiyang Medical University;

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DOI: 10.19367/j.cnki.1000-2707.2014.04.019

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