贵州医科大学学报

2017, v.42;No.206(11) 1336-1340

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上颌快速扩弓联合前方牵引对骨性Ⅲ类错畸形上气道间隙及舌骨位置的影响
The Influence of Protraction Headgear with Rapid Maxillary Expansion on the Upper Airway Space of Skeletal Class Ⅲ Malocclusion and Hyoid Position

刘盈盈;徐卫华;郑之峻;初可嘉;
LIU Yingying;XU Weihua;ZHENG Zhijun;CHU Kejia;Guizhou Medical University;Department of Orthodontics,the Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University;Department of Orthodontics,Guiyang Stomatology Hospital;

摘要(Abstract):

目的:探讨上颌快速扩弓联合前方牵引对骨性Ⅲ类错畸形上气道间隙及舌骨位置的影响。方法:22例青少年骨性Ⅲ错畸形患者,采用上颌快速扩弓联合前方牵引矫治6~13个月,比较矫治前后上气道间隙矢状径大小及颌骨、舌骨位置变化。结果:22例患者前牙反解除,0.05)。结论:对有生长发育潜力的青少年患者,上颌快速扩弓联合前方牵引可增大鼻咽部及口咽部的矢状间隙,对气道下间隙影响不大。
Objective: To evaluate the influence of protraction headgear with rapid maxillary expansion( PE) on the upper airway space of skeletal Class Ⅲ malocclusion and hyoid position. Methods:22 cases with skeletal Class Ⅲ malocclusion received treatment of PE for 6 ~ 13 months. Cephalometric radiographs were obtained before( T0) and after treatment( T1),and were analyzed. Results: After PE treatment,the anterior cross bite was corrected, < U1-SN was reduced to 5. 20° ± 6. 74°,and the subspinale( A) of maxillary and upper incisor( U1) moved in the anterior direction. The Menton( Me) of mandible and hyoid bone moved in the inferior direction. The distance of hyoid and the third cervical vertebra was increased to( 2. 53 ± 3. 67) mm. The upper airway sagittal dimensions of hard palate and the second cervical increased. The difference was statistically significant( P < 0. 05). The upper airway sagittal dimensions of the third cervical vertebra and soft palate increased,but the difference was not statistically significant( P > 0. 05). Conclusion: For growing-up young patients,protraction headgear with rapid maxillary expansion( PE) can increase the upper airway sagittal dimen-sions of nasopharynx and oropharynx,but has little effect on the lower airway space.

关键词(KeyWords): 牙畸形;上颌骨扩张;牙正畸牵引;骨性Ⅲ类错;上气道;舌骨位置
rapid maxillary expansion;protraction headgear;skeletal angle Class Ⅲ malocclusion;upper airway;hyoid position

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作者(Author): 刘盈盈;徐卫华;郑之峻;初可嘉;
LIU Yingying;XU Weihua;ZHENG Zhijun;CHU Kejia;Guizhou Medical University;Department of Orthodontics,the Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University;Department of Orthodontics,Guiyang Stomatology Hospital;

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DOI: 10.19367/j.cnki.1000-2707.2017.11.022

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